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Elections 2012 -

  • 3-6-12 COMMENTARY

  • 11-6-12 2012 General Election in Avon

  • 11-11-12 Gerrymandering: Path to control of the US House of Representatives

  • 5-7-13 Five issues on the Avon ballot

  • 4-25-13 Bryan Jensen and Kevin Ward in Avon Mayor race

  • 10-9-13 The Press and Avon High School welcome the four candidates running for mayor to a political forum

  • 11-5-13 NOVEMBER 5, 2013 GENERAL ELECTION

  • 1-2-14 Avon Council organizes for 2014

  • 11-4-14 November 4, 2014 General Election Results

  • 12-20-14 Fifty years of elections, 1964 - 2014

    Two Avon school issues on the March 6 2012 ballot

    LORAIN COUNTY BOARD OF ELECTIONS

    March Primary 2012 ISSUE LIST

    Issue 3 Avon City 1-B, Local Option - Sunday Sales, Two Bucks Avon

    Issue 4 Avon 2-A, Local Option - Sunday Sales, Walmart

    Issue 11 Avon Local School District

    Bond 2.25 mills

    Construction and remodeling

    Issue 12 Avon Local School District

    Renewal 3.21 mills

    Emergency Requirements of the school district

    Issue 15 Lorain County JVS

    Renewal of .75 mill and Inc. of .5 mill to equal 1.25 mills Current Expenses

    Issue 17 Lorain County General Health District

    Renewal 1 mill Operating Expenses of the Lorain County General Health District

    --------------

    2presspapers.northcoastnow.com/jvs-reduces-millage-duration-of-march-levy-request/

    NEWS ARTICLE from The Press, 1-21-12, By Beth Mlady

    JVS reduces millage, duration of March levy request

    NORTH RIDGEVILLE -- With voters having spoken overwhelmingly against a 1.75-mill, 10-year tax request at the polls last November [2011], Lorain County JVS Superintendent John Nolan has a new plan of action. The levy failed in every school district except Oberlin, where the school is located (see below) ...

    The March levy, to be listed on the ballot as Issue 15 as it was in November, will seek a smaller amount -- 1.25 mills -- and for only five years ...

    "Here's the deal: There were 70,000 jobs in Ohio that could not be filled due to the skills gap last year," he said. "Now, there's 85,000 jobs, the majority in engineering, welding, machining, technology and the medical field. Those jobs are going to go somewhere. What we're seeing is, a majority of the manufacturing that we were shipping to China has come home (to the United States). Where's it going to go if we can't do it? Where else can (students) go to get the training?"

    Nolan believes the economy is improving and voters need to recognize what that means to the JVS ...

    JVS District Treasurer Cory Thompson said state funding cuts "have taken $1.1 million out of our revenue stream."

    "You look at that and the property values, and the school has not seen any type of increase since 2008," Thompson said.

    The election will take place March 6 [2012].

    November 2011 JVS levy results

    District For Against +/-

    Amherst 2,316 2,653 -337

    Avon 3,238 4,291 -1,053

    Avon Lake 4,405 4,580 -175

    Elyria 6,057 7,451 -1,394

    Lorain 1,310 1,540 -230

    N. Ridgeville 4,140 6,392 -2,252

    Oberlin 2,237 623 +1,614

    Sheffield Lake 1,0851 [Error] 730 -645

    Vermilion 212 297 -85

    Villages, Twps 9,399 13,819 -4,420

    Total 34,399 ,43,376 -8,977

    ----------

    2presspapers.northcoastnow.com/bond-issue-for-middle-school-back-on-march-ballot-along-with-levy-renewal-request/

    NEWS ARTICLE from The Press, 12-12-11, By Rebecca Turman

    AVON -- In March [2012], the Avon Local School District will ask Avon voters to pass a renewal operating levy and a bond issue to build a new middle school.

    The Avon Board of Education voted Nov. 30 during a special meeting to place a 3.21-mill, 10-year operating renewal levy request on the ballot.

    If the renewal levy passes, the owner of a $100,000 home would continue to pay $98.32 annually for 10 years, according to Avon Local School District Treasurer Kent Zeman ...

    The board also decided to once again place on the ballot a request for a 2.25-mill bond issue for a new middle school. Voters, however, would only be assessed 1.25 mills for the bond issue, if it's approved in March [2012]. [Issue 11 is a 2.25-mill bond issue. If the Board of Education only needed 1.25 mills, why did they put a 2.25-mill issue on the ballot?]

    The bond issue would cost the owner of a $100,000 home $38.29 each year for the next 32 years and would raise $32 million over that time period.

    The bond issue failed on the November [2011] ballot by only 171 votes, according to official results from the Lorain County Board of Elections.

    Out of 14,381 registered voters, 54.91 percent, or 7,897 residents, came out to vote in November [2011], according to the board of elections. That's lower than the turnout for the 2010 general election. While 14,201 Avon residents were registered to vote at that time, 9,005 cast their votes, or 63.41 percent.

    "It was so close," Avon Board of Education Vice President Scott Radcliffe said in an interview last week. "You had so many people supporting it."

    If the bond issue passes in March [2012], Radcliffe said district officials would work hard to open the new middle school by the original goal of the 2014-15 school year.

    However, if the bond issue fails in March, Radcliffe said, "You'll have to pull back the reins and delay it a year or two." ...

    With the approval of voters, the proposed middle school would house 1,200 students, expandable to accommodate up to 1,600 students.

    During the 2010-11 school year, the enrollment for Avon Middle School ... was 612. MKC Associates, an architecture and engineering design firm, predicts the middle school enrollment will rise to 756 by 2014. The district expects at least 730 students by that time.

    -------------

    www.cleveland.com/avon/index.ssf/2012/01/how_will_avon_residents_vote_o.html

    NEWS ARTICLE from The Sun, 1-26-12, By Leona Y. Johnson

    Avon residents will be asked to vote for a pair of school issues on the March 6 primary election ballot ...

    Issue 11 is a bond issue that will finance construction of a new middle school. District officials said the new building is needed to eliminate overcrowding at the existing middle school. Funds will also be used for work at Heritage North and South elementary schools.

    The bond issue, if approved, will raise $32 million that will be repaid over 32 years. Homeowners will pay an additional $39 per year in property taxes for each $100,000 of their home valuation ...

    Top -- Home

    COMMENTARY

    Commentator 1 wrote:

    Advice for anyone with a family moving to growing outer 'burbs: Make sure you can afford it because the school and city operations will have to be financed to deal with the growth. Simple common sense.

    Commentator 2 wrote:

    Hey Leona, how about letting us know what the millage of both levies is. It's a central fact you have omitted.

    Leona Y. Johnson, Sun News January 26, 2012 wrote:

    I apologize for leaving that information out.

    Issue 11 it is a 2.25-mill bond issue. The debt structure is different this time. Homeowners would only be assessed 1.25 mills instead of the 2.25 mills, because the school district is building in a drop of 1 mill for 2014-15. By moving the drop up to 2012, homeowners will be assessed only 1.25 mills. [What is the purpose of this flim-flammery?] That is why property taxes will only increase by approximately $39 a year. [And increase much more in subsequent years?]

    Issue 12 is a renewal levy that combines two levies that are expiring. The size of the combined levy will be 3.21 mills, which equals the amount voters previously approved. Since this combined levy is a renewal of existing levies, it will not increase taxes. The combined renewal levy will generate $2.5 million annually over the next 10 years. School officials said they were blending the levies to help alleviate voter fatigue, and to allow residents a chance to vote on the funds.

    Commentator 2 wrote:

    Thanks Leona for the info. I've found that sometimes the estimate for cost per $100,000 of house can be inaccurate. Other reporters also neglected to mention the millage in the county Health and Human services levy coming up.

    Commentator 3 wrote:

    NO on 11

    the voters have already spoken on this issue in a fair and valid election -- we should NOT be forced to have to vote on this again..

    The process ignores the vote of the majority ( until the school board gets its desired result)

    Hey school board "respect the vote" stop spending money on these elections OR make it fair and allow us to vote each year on all taxes!!

    Commentator 4 wrote:

    ... please don't give me the argument that if THESE levies fail, then our property values will fall. They already have despite passage of levy after levy after levy in Avon.

    Unless and UNTIL the school board stops the ridiculos bus policy of stopping at every littl johnnie or susie's house in a given development, they are not getting my vote. FYI a school bus stopped 10 times in a distance of .4 of a mile_RIDICULOUS.

    Commentator 5 wrote:

    There is nothing so permanent as a temporary tax. Case in Point -

    Emergency School Levies

    Phase 1: EMERGENCY levy for X number of years. The quality of your child's education will be reduced to terrible and they will have no prayer of being able to lead a meaningful life.

    Phase 2,3 ... : After X number of years. NO NEW TAXES, RENEWAL emergency school levy. Failure to renew will result in 'The quality of your child's education will be reduced to terrible and they will have no prayer of being able to lead a meaningful life.'.

    When was the last time an emergency level was NOT put up for renewal? If it is going to be a PERMANENT levy, run it as a permanent levy.

    -----------

    Commentator 6 wrote:

    Head room parents please pass along this message from Kent Zeman to all parents in your rooms, thank you!

    "Between now and March 6th it is imperative that you help spread the word about both issues #11 and #12 and encourage all of your group(s) members to remember to vote on March 6th.

    Both issues are critical to the ongoing success of the Avon Local Schools. We need to promote the issues at every opportunity.

    Please talk to your neighbors and friends about the importance of both of these issues.

    Thank you again for all that you do for the children of Avon and your volunteerism."

    --------

    Commentator 7 wrote:

    Let me say, I applaud the efforts of both our passionate parents and school administrators for keeping our schools a bright star in our community. Both are doing a fantastic job!

    However, regardless of your vote "yes or no" on these two issues 11 and 12, I ask that you ask some tough questions before jumping on the band wagon in light of what has come up lately with other schools districts that did expand, built new schools and now are in "fiscal emergency" because they can't operate them.

    [Olmsted Falls is handling a student population bulge with trailers, rather than with expensive buildings. The drop in Avon housing construction means that we have a bulge, not a never-ending increase. Cleveland and inner ring suburbs are losing students.]

    Fiscal emergency means the state comes in and operates your school and usually the residents either put up the tax money or surrender to embarrasement.

    These are tough times and I have a few questions or thoughts to present here. Please read on as I have links to the Ohio Dept of Education on Avon's 5 year Forecast. See it yourself, it's the school board's report.

    First of all, our current high school is "under capacity" with room to house our 8th grade believe it or not. I'm not advocating we move them up as maturity is definitly an issue but this fact is never brought up when the new construction question comes about. My point is we said we needed it then and look, it sits partially empty now.

    Second, I'm not sure about you but I don't like a combination of two levies running at the same time -- one that is for an "Emergency Renewal Levy" and the other a "Bond Issue for New School Construction"

    I realize we have this 46 acres of land burning a hole in our pocket full of dreams and ambition, but on one hand we use the phrase "Emergency" and on the other hand we say "Spend - build a new school".

    Somehow that seems a bit contradictory. We simply have to operate our school based upon what grants, tax dollars and state funds are provided to us now and thus the reason for the emergency renewal levy.

    If a new school is built, we will need another "new" levy to operate it as well. My point is that our cost per $100,000 evaluation might not seem that bad ($39) but five years from now we'll all be paying significantly more in taxes to operate our schools which means more levies on the horizon.

    Just see our "5 year forecast provided by our school board to the Ohio Dept of Education" which is required. It looks bleak and in a deficit even before ground breaking on a new school.

    fyf.oecn.k12.oh.us/genForecast.asp?IRN=48116&Format=HTML

    My point is we are walking into a situation that is presented as a need based upon enrollment growth but fiscally a deeper hole for Avon in the future that will require significant more property tax.

    Just look at the latest district in the news - Cloverleaf Schools in Medina (wow, nice looking new schools) but they can't operate them.

    medinagazette.northcoastnow.com/2012/01/25/cloverleaf-schools-are-in-a-fiscal-emergency/

    Lorain Schools which receives a "disporportionate gain" in State Funding due to the unconstitutional HB 920 that Mr. Zemen is always mentioning (yet no school district legally challenges it in court!).

    In fact Lorain Schools which has built some new schools recently is about to go into Fiscal Emergency and be taken over by the state.

    chronicle.northcoastnow.com/2012/01/27/state-officials-detail-lorain-schools-fiscal-future-with-possible-takeover/

    Every new building you build requires more funds to operate. Our dear Gov. Kasich has done nothing to help out schools and is not going to ...

    Additionally, enclosed is a link to valuable info and reports on our district that is housed at the Ohio Department of Education

    education.ohio.gov/GD/Templates/Pages/ODE/ODEPrimary.aspx?page=2&TopicID=3&TopicRelationID=390

    Also, from last reports from the Ohio Lottery which operates solely to help our schools but distributes money by county much under the same formula of HB 920 (which is unconstitutional).

    Lorain County receives on average about $18,000,000 from the lottery proceeds ($750M annually) and Avon School District received $271,000 or just 1.5% of the total for our county. You guessed it -- Elyria and Lorain Schools suck up most of it ...

    --------

    Commentator 8 wrote:

    Tying this bond issue to closing the Village School is a bad idea. Soaring Little Eagles should be at a one-floor school NOW because of their disabilities. Otherwise, a 3-story school helps control child obesity and provides a brain-energizing exercise opportunity climbing stairs.

    A reason former Lorain Superintendent Atkinson may have left Ohio is because, after wasting millions of tax dollars in Lorain on new schools, she knows there will be no gain in student test scores.

    Closing the Village School is a prelude to demolition.

    How about showing Avon taxpayers some consideration by utilizing our existing resources?

    Former Avon Superintendent Bob Barnhart had an interesting letter in The Press on 7-28-10:

    "... It's an accepted fact that Avon High School has about 15 classrooms not being used. According to our Avon school treasurer, an open enrollment student would bring $5,700 ... to our school district.

    Therefore [200 open enrollment students -- 50 per grade] would mean an additional $1.14 million to Avon School revenues.

    The employment of 8 additional teachers to accommodate the 200 open enrollment students would cost approximately $344,000 (8 x $43,000), resulting in about $796,000 net gain."

    $1,140,000 - $344,000 = $796.000

    -----------

    LETTER TO THE EDITOR of The Press, 2-29-12,

    by Bob Barnhart, former Avon Schools Superintendent

    The Avon Board of Education's consideration of a 32-year bond issue to build a new middle school does not seem to be logical:

    1. The November [2011] issue of Avon Avenues and a newspaper release of 11-27-11 states that Avon Middle School is operating at 122 percent of capacity, with 100 students over capacity.

    The publicized figure of 500 capacity for Avon Middle School is grossly in error and, therefore, misleading to Avon taxpayers. I believe the student capaciry to be in the 650 - 700 range.

    2. The student capacity for our Avon Village School is listed as 440 and actual attendance of 463, which, according to Avenue Avenues, represents 105 percent of capacity.

    I believe ... that 344 students are in attendance at Avon Village School each day representing 78 percent of stated capacity of 440 ...

    The Board has counted 75 half-day kindergarten and 44 half-day pre-school students as full time to justify their ... attendance figure of 463.

    I was informed by the Avon Administration that if the proposed new middle school is approved, the Village School would be "mothballed" [and then demolished]. This seems illogical to me because the Board's projections of pre-K [and] K through 2017-2018 (465 students) could be handled by keeping the Village School open for instruction.

    3. The Avon Middle School's last addition was built in 1972-1973 and should be considered for an addition at this time, instead of a new middle school.

    Tentative plans were considered, following the 1972-73 addition, to add eight or nine more classrooms, [and] enlarge the library, cafeteria, and music room. This could be accomplished faster and less expensively to Avon taxpayers.

    The Board has not studied the alternative of adding 17 classrooms (eight at Heritage and nine at Middle), which would meet the needs through 2017-2018, based on the Board's projections.

    Obviously, significantly higher operating costs will result from a new building as compared to my suggested building additions.

    RESULTS

    3 Avon City 1B - Local Option /Two Bucks Avon

    ----------------------- Total

    Number of Precincts 1

    Precincts Reporting 1 100.0%

    YES -------------------- 237 70.54%

    NO -------------------- 99 29.46%

    4 Avon City 2A - Local Option /Walmart

    ---------------------- Total

    Number of Precincts 1

    Precincts Reporting 1 100.0%

    YES -------------------- 359 66.11%

    NO -------------------- 184 33.89%

    11 Avon LSD - Bond/ Construction and Remodeling

    ---------------------- Total

    Number of Precincts 13

    Precincts Reporting 13 100.0%

    FOR THE BOND ISSUE ---- 2818 48.74%

    AGAINST THE BOND ISSUE 2964 51.26%

    12 Avon LSD - Ren'l/ Emergency Requirements

    ---------------------- Total

    Number of Precincts 13

    Precincts Reporting 13 100.0%

    FOR THE TAX LEVY ------ 3328 57.32%

    AGAINST THE TAX LEVY -- 2478 42.68%

    15 Lorain County JVS - Ren'l and Increase

    ----------------------- Total

    Number of Precincts 163 Precincts Reporting 163 100.0%

    FOR THE TAX LEVY ----- 21770 47.94%

    AGAINST THE TAX LEVY - 23640 52.06%

    17 Lorain Co. General Health Dist.

    ----------------------- Total

    Number of Precincts 100

    Precincts Reporting 100 100.0%

    FOR THE TAX LEVY ----- 16036 51.50%

    AGAINST THE TAX LEVY - 15104 48.50%

    Rep President Del./Alt. At Large

    ----------------------- Total

    Number of Precincts 199

    Precincts Reporting 199 100.0%

    Newt Gingrich 3629 15.13%

    Jon Huntsman 127 0.53%

    Ron Paul 1960 8.17%

    Rick Perry 150 0.63%

    Mitt Romney 10660 44.45%

    Rick Santorum 7458 31.10%

    Rep President District Del./Alt. 4th Dist

    ----------------------- Total

    Number of Precincts 76

    Precincts Reporting 76 100.0%

    Newt Gingrich 1290 16.55%

    Jon Huntsman 63 0.81%

    Ron Paul 777 9.97%

    Rick Perry 81 1.04%

    Mitt Romney 3128 40.13%

    Rick Santorum 2456 31.51%

    Rep President District Del./Alt. 7th Dist

    ----------------------- Total

    Number of Precincts 53

    Precincts Reporting 53 100.0%

    Newt Gingrich 1500 15.55%

    Jon Huntsman 64 0.66%

    Ron Paul 939 9.73%

    Rick Perry 90 0.93%

    Mitt Romney 4071 42.20%

    Rick Santorum 2984 30.93%

    Rep President District Del./Alt. 9th Dist

    ----------------------- Total

    Number of Precincts 70

    Precincts Reporting 70 100.0%

    Newt Gingrich 1546 28.10%

    Jon Huntsman 93 1.69%

    Ron Paul 700 12.72%

    Rick Perry 158 2.87%

    Mitt Romney 3005 54.62%

    Top -- Home

    2012 General Election in Avon

    Race Candidate

    President

    Barack Obama, Democrat

    Mitt Romney, Republican

    Jill Stein, Green

    Richard Duncan, non-party

    Virgil Goode, Constitution

    Gary Johnson, Libertarian

    Stewart Alexander, Socialist

    U.S. Senator

    Sherrod Brown, Democrat

    Scott A. Rupert, non-party

    Josh Mandel, Republican

    Representative to Congress 7th District

    Bob Gibbs, Republican

    Joyce R. Healy-Abrams, Democrat

    State Representative 57th House District

    Terry Boose, Republican

    Matthew T. Lark, Democrat

    Robert F. Sherwin, Libertarian

    County Commissioner, Full Term Commencing 1/2/13

    Lori Kokoski, Democrat

    Mike Musto, Republican

    County Commissioner, Full Term Commencing 1/3/13

    Ted Kalo, Democrat

    Philip D. Van Treuren, Republican

    Coroner

    Stephen B. Evans, Republican

    County Clerk of Courts

    Ronald L. Nabakowski, Democrat

    Jason M. Schmidt, Republican

    County Engineer

    Kenneth P. Carney, Democrat

    County Prosecutor

    Dennis P. Will, Democrat

    County Recorder

    Judith M. Nedwick, Democrat

    Sheriff

    Phil R. Stammitti, Democrat

    Audali J. Torres, Republican

    County Treasurer

    Daniel J. Talarek, Democrat

    Justice of the Supreme Court, Unexpired Term Ending 12-31-14

    Yvette McGee Brown, Democrat

    Sharon L. Kennedy, Republican

    Judge of Court of Appeals 9th District

    Clair E. Dickinson, Democrat

    Jennifer Hensal, Republican

    State Representative 57th House District

    Terry Boose, Republican

    Matthew T. Lark, Democrat

    Robert F. Sherwin, Libertarian

    Justice of the Supreme Court, Full Term Commencing 1-1-13

    Terrence O'Donnell, Republican

    Mike Skindell, Democrat

    Justice of the Supreme Court, Full Term Commencing 1-2-13

    Robert R. Cupp, Republican

    William M. O'Neill, Democrat

    Judge of the Common Pleas Court, Full Term Commencing 1/1/13

    Raymond J. Ewers, Democrat

    Judge of the Common Pleas Court Full Term Commencing 1/2/13

    John R. Miraldi, Democrat

    Judge Domestic Relations, Full Term Commencing 1/3/13

    Lisa I. Swenski, Democrat

    Judge Domestic Relations, Full Term Commencing 1/4/13

    Frank Janik, Democrat

    Richard S. Ramsey, Republican

    Judge of the Common Pleas Court, Full Term Commencing 1/5/13

    James M. Burge, Democrat

    Judge of the Common Pleas Court, Full Term Commencing 1/6/13

    James L. Miraldi, Democrat

    ISSUES

    Issue 1 Ohio, Ohio Constitutional Convention Question

    Yes

    No

    Issue 2 Ohio, Ohio Redistricting Amendment

    Yes

    No

    Issue 5 Avon, Charter Amendment- The Council- Power, Election, and Term

    Yes

    No

    Issue 6 Avon, Charter Amendment- Civil Service Commission

    Yes

    No

    Issue 7 Avon, Charter Amendment- Public Bidding

    Yes

    No

    Issue 8 Avon, Charter Amendment- General Provisions- Charter Review

    Yes

    No

    Issue 9 Avon, Local Option- GetGo- Sunday Sales

    Yes

    No

    Issue 31 Avon LSD, Bond/ 2.34 mills, 28 years, Junior High Construction and Remodeling

    For

    Against

    Issue 41 Lorain County JVS, Renewal/ 0.75 mill, 5 years, Current Expense

    For

    Against

    Issue 49 Lorain County, Renewal/ 0.6 mill, 5 years, Mental Health

    For

    Against

    Issue 50 Lorain County, Replacement w/ increase of 0.5 mill, 5 years, 911

    For

    Against

    Issue 51 Lorain County, Replacement w/ Decrease 0.065 mill, 5 years, TB Clinic

    For

    Against

    Lorain County, OH General Election November 6, 2012, Unofficial Results 11/06/12 at 23:51:04

    Number Polling Precinct 195 - Number Reporting 195 100.00%

    President / Vice-President Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Alexander/Mendoza S 69 0.05%

    Duncan/Johnson 251 0.19%

    Goode/Clymer C 203 0.15%

    Johnson/Gray L 1172 0.87%

    Obama/Biden D 75798 56.32%

    Obama won 303 of the electoral vote, and Mitt Romney won 206 of the electoral vote.

    Obama won 59,583,302 in the popular vote, while Romney won 56,960,530 of the popular vote.

    If Florida stays blue, Obama will have 332 electoral votes

    Romney/Ryan R 56376 41.89%

    Stein/Honkala G 513 0.38%

    U.S. Senator Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Sherrod Brown D 75569 57.21%

    Josh Mandel R 50543 38.27%

    State totals

    Sherrod Brown 2,632,637 50.3%

    Josh Mandel 2,361,651 45.1%

    Scott A. Rupert 5969 4.52%

    Representative to Congress 7th Dist Total

    Number of Precincts 53 Precincts Reporting 53 100.0%

    Bob Gibbs R 20554 54.80%

    Joyce R.Healy-Abrams D 16953 45.20%

    7th District Total %

    Bob Gibbs 174,065 56.7%

    Joyce Healy-Abrams 132,845 43.3%

    State Rep 57th House Dist Total

    Number of Precincts 39 Precincts Reporting 39 100.0%

    Terry Boose R 14186 52.04%

    Matthew T. Lark D 11389 41.78%

    Robert F. Sherwin L 1687 6.19%

    State House - District 57 - Precincts 87/87

    M. Lark 18,417 (Dem) 40%

    T. Boose 24,747 (GOP) 54%

    R. Sherwin 2,598 (Lib) 6%

    County Commissioner 1-2-13 Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Lori Kokoski D 71573 58.99%

    Mike Musto R 49766 41.01%

    County Commissioner 1-3-13 Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Ted Kalo D 67898 56.17%

    Philip Van Treuren R 52988 43.83%

    Prosecuting Attorney Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Dennis P. Will D 85984 100.00%

    Clerk of Court of Common Pleas Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Ronald L. Nabakowski D 74230 63.37%

    Jason M. Schmidt R 42902 36.63%

    Sheriff Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Phil R. Stammitti D 80226 65.61%

    A.J. Torres R 42048 34.39% County Recorder Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Judith M. Nedwick D 85418 100.00%

    County Treasurer Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Daniel J. Talarek D 89817 100.00%

    County Engineer Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Kenneth P. Carney D 86047 100.00%

    Coroner Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Stephen B. Evans R 79362 100.00%

    Supreme Court Justice 1-1-13 Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Terrence O'Donnell 69239 72.62%

    Mike Skindell 26101 27.38%

    Supreme Court Justice 1-2-13 Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Robert R. Cupp 38695 42.46%

    William M. O'Neill 52445 57.54%

    Supreme Court Justice Unexpired Term Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Yvette McGee Brown 44517 46.89%

    Sharon L. Kennedy 50425 53.11%

    Judge Court of Appeals 9th Dist Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Clair E. Dickinson 41581 49.76%

    Jennifer Hensal 41981 50.24%

    Judge Common Pleas 1-1-13 Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Raymond J. Ewers 72821 100.00%

    Judge Common Pleas 1-2-13 Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    John R. Miraldi 70731 100.00%

    Judge Common Pleas 1-5-13 Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    James M. Burge 70949 100.00%

    Judge Common Pleas 1-6-13 Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    James L. Miraldi 69343 100.00%

    Judge Common Pleas (Domestic Relations) 1-3-13 Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Lisa I. Swenski 69171 100.00%

    Judge Common Pleas (Domestic Relations) 1-4-13 Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    Frank Janik 53608 58.05%

    Richard S. Ramsey 38737 41.95%

    1 State Issue / Convention to Amend Constitution Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    YES 41972 35.64%

    NO 75781 64.36%

    2 State Issue / Congressional Districts Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    YES 45195 39.06%

    NO 70499 60.94%

    5 Avon City / Charter Amendment - Council Terms Total

    Number of Precincts 13 Precincts Reporting 13 100.0%

    YES 6461 68.80%

    NO 2930 31.20%

    6 Avon City / Charter Amendment - Civil Service Comm. Total

    Number of Precincts 13 Precincts Reporting 13 100.0%

    YES 5945 67.24%

    NO 2896 32.76%

    7 Avon City / Charter Amendment - Public Bidding Total

    Number of Precincts 13 Precincts Reporting 13 100.0%

    YES 4496 47.87%

    NO 4897 52.13%

    8 Avon City / Charter Amendment - Charter Review Total

    Number of Precincts 13 Precincts Reporting 13 100.0%

    YES 5397 64.53%

    NO 2966 35.47%

    9 Avon City 2C - Local Option / GetGo Total

    Number of Precincts 1 Precincts Reporting 1 100.0%

    YES 471 76.34%

    NO 146 23.66%

    31 Avon LSD - Bond Issue / Construction and Remodeling Total

    Number of Precincts 13 Precincts Reporting 13 100.0%

    FOR THE BOND ISSUE 6221 59.90%

    AGAINST THE BOND ISS 4165 40.10%

    41 Lorain County JVS - Ren'l / Current Expenses Total

    Number of Precincts 159 Precincts Reporting 159 100.0%

    FOR THE TAX LEVY 63518 60.11%

    AGAINST THE TAX LEVY 42148 39.89%

    49 Lorain County - Ren'l / Mental Health Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    FOR THE TAX LEVY 85573 67.21%

    AGAINST THE TAX LEVY 41748 32.79%

    50 Lorain County - Rep'l w/ Incr. / 911 Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    FOR THE TAX LEVY 64972 51.94%

    AGAINST THE TAX LEVY 60123 48.06%

    51 Lorain County - Rep'l w/ Decr / TB Clinic Total

    Number of Precincts 195 Precincts Reporting 195 100.0%

    FOR THE TAX LEVY 68308 54.61%

    AGAINST THE TAX LEVY 56768 45.39%

    Top -- Home

    Gerrymandering: Path to control of the US House of Representatives

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerrymandering

    [The word 'gerrymander' (originally written Gerry-mander) was used for the first time in the Boston Gazette on March 26, 1812. The word was created in reaction to a redrawing of Massachusetts state senate election districts under the then-governor Elbridge Gerry ... When mapped, one of the contorted districts in the Boston area was said to resemble the shape of a salamander. The term was a [combination] of the governor's last name and the word salamander.]

    www.cleveland.com/open/index.ssf/2012/11/in_evenly_split_ohio_redistric.html#incart_river

    ARTICLE from The Plain Dealer on November 11, 2012

    By Sabrina Eaton, Plain Dealer Washington Reporter

    In evenly split Ohio, redistricting gives GOP 12-4 edge in congressional seats

    Even though most Ohio voters backed Democrats in this year's presidential and U.S. Senate elections, new congressional maps designed to protect GOP incumbents kept three quarters of the state's U.S. House of Representatives seats in Republican hands.

    When new congressional districts were drawn last year, Republicans who control Ohio's state legislature did their best to ensure their party's edge in Congress for the next decade by packing the most possible Democratic voters into the fewest possible districts.

    That's how a swing state with a fairly even political divide will end up being represented in Congress next year by 12 Republicans and four Democrats.

    "This is a tossup state, the battleground of battlegrounds, except when you stack the deck," says Steve Fought, a Democrat who worked on the congressional campaigns of Toledo's Marcy Kaptur and Copley Township's Betty Sutton. "That is the only way they were able to hold their power in Ohio and the only way they were able to hold their power in the [US] House of Representatives ..."

    Ohio started 2010 with 13 Republican and five Democratic Congress members, but the state legislature had to eliminate two of those seats after Census numbers revealed Ohio's population growth hadn't kept pace with other states.

    The GOP plan that Ohio adopted last year consolidated Democratic Rep. Marcy Kaptur's district in Toledo with Rep. Dennis Kucinich's district on the Cleveland's West Side, forcing a primary duel in which Kaptur prevailed. Kaptur went onto beat Samuel "Joe the Plumber" Wurzelbacher with 73 percent of the vote.

    Copley Township Democratic Rep. Betty Sutton was put into a GOP-leaning district with freshman Republican Rep. Jim Renacci of Wadsworth, who defeated her on Tuesday [11-6-12] with 52 percent of the vote.

    In just about every district, the results were predictably lopsided ... A report released by the Ohio Campaign for Accountable Redistricting showed that [Speaker of the US House John] Boehner's political staffers privately made key recommendations on how to configure Ohio's new congressional districts. The resulting map prompted critics to launch a petition drive for a state constitutional amendment that would have changed the process. But the issue, on Tuesday's ballot, was trounced by voters.

    Issue 2 was a proposed constitutional amendment that would have shifted the redistricting process away from the state legislature and handed it to a 12-member redistricting commission composed of four Democrats, four Republicans and four independents. Its passage would have scrapped the maps adopted last year and created new districts for the 2014 election.

    The bill was backed by unions and opposed by Republicans and their allies ... Daniel Tokaji, an Ohio State University law professor who helped write the Issue 2 proposal, said that ... initiative lost because it was outgunned financially, and "the other side was very successful in muddying the waters."

    "We need districts that serve the people, not the politicians," Tokaji said. Ohio Democratic Party Chairman Chris Redfern said he anticipates there will be another effort next year to "reform the gerrymandering process." ...

    blog.cleveland.com/letters/2012/11/betty_sutton_is_another_redist.html

    Betty Sutton is another redistricting casualty: letter to the editor

    Published: Thursday, November 08, 2012

    By Other Voices The Plain Dealer

    Yes, there is joy in Mudville today. Barack Obama has, at least temporarily, defeated obstructionism, baseless accusations and not-so-veiled bigotry to achieve another term as President. However, other candidates did not fare as well in the face of now-commonplace smear tactics. Betty Sutton, a dedicated, decent and experienced congressional representative, couldn't prevail over political redistricting and viciously negative character attacks, ultimately striking out.

    Hope for unity and honesty rests on mutual respect and a passion for the truth. Will we ever again embrace these principles in the "game" of politics?

    Roland S. Gove, North Royalton

    Top -- Home

    5-7-13: Five issues on the Avon ballot

    Issue 1

    Mentally Retarded & Developmental Disabled Children and Adults of Lorain County

    Replacement / 1.6875 mills

    Murray Ridge Center

    5 years

    ------------

    Issue 2

    Lorain County

    Additional / 0.04 mills

    Lorain County Transit

    5 years

    ------------

    Issue 3

    Lorain County

    Additional / 0.08 mills

    Lorain County Drug Task Force

    5 years

    ------------

    Issue 4

    Avon

    Renewal / 1.9 mills

    Street Maintenance and Repair

    5 years

    ------------

    Issue 5

    Avon

    Renewal / 0.45 mills

    Parks and Recreation

    5 years

    ------------

    www.loraincountyelections.com/2013_primary_election.htm

    Issue 1 Lorain County - Tax Levy /MRDD /Rep'l

    Number of Precincts 186

    Precincts Reporting 186 100.0%

    FOR THE TAX LEVY 18275 66.29%

    AGAINST THE TAX LEVY 9295 33.71%

    ----------

    Issue 2 Lorain County - Tax Levy /Transit /Add'l

    Number of Precincts 186

    Precincts Reporting 186 100.0%

    FOR THE TAX LEVY 11071 40.93%

    AGAINST THE TAX LEVY 15977 59.07%

    ------------

    Issue 3 Lorain County - Tax Levy / Drug Task Force / Add'l

    Number of Precincts 186

    Precincts Reporting 186 100.0%

    FOR THE TAX LEVY 14271 52.43%

    AGAINST THE TAX LEVY 12946 47.57%

    ------------

    Issue 4 Avon City - Tax Levy / Ren'l / Street Repair

    Number of Precincts 13

    Precincts Reporting 13 100.0%

    FOR THE TAX LEVY 736 72.73%

    AGAINST THE TAX LEVY 276 27.27%

    ----------

    Issue 5 Avon City - Tax Levy / Ren'l / Parks and Rec

    Number of Precincts 13

    Precincts Reporting 13 100.0%

    FOR THE TAX LEVY 728 71.23%

    AGAINST THE TAX LEVY 294 28.77%

    chronicle.northcoastnow.com/2013/05/07/voter-turnout-of-just-over-13-percent-is-lowest-in-recent-memory-official-says/

    [Voter turnout just over 13 percent is lowest in recent memory]

    Filed by Chronicle-Telegram Staff May 7th, 2013

    SHEFFIELD TWP. -- Voter turnout was sparse for Tuesday's primary election.

    Lorain County Board of Elections Director Paul Adams said countywide turnout was 13.37 percent. Unofficial elections returns showed that just 28,073 of the county's 213,085 registered voters showed up to cast a ballot.

    It's the lowest turnout in recent memory, Adams said ...

    Adams, who had predicted turnout would be around 20 percent, said typically countywide levies draw voters out in greater numbers, even if it's far lower than in presidential or gubernatorial election years.

    Voters across the county approved levies for the Lorain County Board of Developmental Disabilities and the Lorain County Drug Task Force. They rejected a levy for Lorain County Transit.

    At 6.96 percent, the lowest voter turnout in the county was in Avon, he said.

    The highest was in Avon Lake, with a turnout of 35.13 percent ...

    ------------

    On May 7, 2013, the government of the City of Avon is asking the citizens to vote for Issue 4, a 5-year 1.9 mill street levy renewal. At the same time, the Avon government is "improving" the intersection of Schwartz and Nagel Roads by adding turn lanes and a traffic light, at a cost of about a million dollars, to be paid by Avon taxpayers.

    This project degrades the Johannes Nagel house by taking ten feet of the current 40-foot setback. This beautiful stone house is one of Avon's most important century homes.

    At present, this intersection is served by a 4-way stop. Drivers slow down and develop the habit of courteously waiting their turn. The "improvement" will encourage them to try to make the light and increase feelings of irritation: this project is not only physically degrading; it is morally degrading.

    We need to ask ourselves if spending a million dollars to entice cars from North Ridgeville to use the I90 - Nagel Road interchange is good public policy.

    And we need to recognize that, while not hesitating to ask for money, Avon's government has failed to establish a street grid system, forcing through traffic to use Avon's original country roads.

    This costly "improvement" follows a path that ends with five lanes on Nagel, five lanes on Stoney Ridge, etc., with an expenditure of what? more than $100 million? When voting on May 7, we should keep this in mind.

    -----------

    www.cleveland.com/avon/index.ssf/2013/04/intersection_improvement_plans.html#incart_river

    [Intersection plans for Schwartz and Nagel Roads to go out for bids, despite opposition]

    By Erin Beese, Sun News

    April 25, 2013

    ... The plans for the approximately $1 million project, according to city council member Bryan Jensen, Ward 1, have been in the works and on council agendas for the past two years ...

    Deanna Popovich lives with her family in a newer home at the corner of Schwartz and Nagel Roads, opposite the [Johannes] Nagel House. Her main concern, which she shares with other residents in the future construction zone, is not the acquisition of their properties. Rather, Popovich questioned the necessity of such a drastic change to the intersection of the two old country roads ...

    "Only 3% of cars on the road turn in front of our home," Popovich said, citing a survey done by the city in 2010 which she was given a copy of late last week. "That's three in every 100, with only 600 cars per day."

    Popovich cited the survey [during the] city council April 22 [2013 meeting], mentioning that a part of the findings say the intersection "does not meet criteria" for [these] improvements.

    "I'm not a surveyor, I'm not an engineer, but when the words "does not meet the criteria" are written, it's pretty plain," she said ...

    Popovich said she didn't expect to succeed at the council meeting April 22, and whether the plans for the intersection change or not, the stand she and her neighbors are taking is an important lesson, although she feels local government is not listening. "I'm teaching my daughter that you have to stand up for yourself."

    Top -- Home

    www.cleveland.com/avon/index.ssf/2013/04/avon_city_council_member_bryan.html

    Avon City Council member Bryan Jensen announces mayoral candidacy

    By Erin Beese, Sun News

    April 23, 2013

    Ward 1 council member Bryan Jensen announced April 23 he intends to run for mayor of Avon. Jensen, 52, is serving his fourth term on city council.

    He has also served two years on the Avon Planning Commission and 8 years on the Avon Safety and Service Committees ...

    Jensen said his key objectives are to build the city's cash surplus [in other words, start paying off Avon's $84 million debt], continue work on flood control, and improve all other aspects of Avon City government and its services for its residents.

    Jensen is a graduate of West Liberty State College in West Virginia with a double major in Business Management and General Business. He is president of Avon's Pinehaven Greenhouses and is a member of the French Creek Merchants Association. He was formerly the president of the Greater Cleveland Flower Growers Association.

    --------------

    www.morningjournal.com/articles/2013/04/26/news/doc5179f6686a2c6173097979.txt

    Kevin Ward enters race for mayor of Avon

    Published: Friday, April 26, 2013

    By ADRIANA CUEVAS acuevas@MorningJournal.com

    AVON -- The race to become the next mayor of Avon is heating up as Ward 3 Councilman, Kevin Ward, yesterday announced his candidacy in the November general election.

    Ward, in his fourth-term as an Avon councilman, will be vying for the mayoral title against fellow council member Bryan Jensen. Both are looking to succeed Mayor James A. Smith who has served for the city for more than two decades ...

    Ward serves as chairman of the Avon Parks and Recreation Committee and also is a member of the council's finance committee.

    "With my financial experience, I will work to ensure that we protect our city now and in the future," Ward said. "I will support utilizing our limited resources to do what is most important to the residents."

    Ward received his degree in business administration from Boston University and a degree in accounting from Cleveland State University. He also received a certificate from Kent State University for successful completion of their Elected Official's Academy.

    Ward, and his wife of 25 years, Karen, have three children ... When away from his councilman seat, Ward volunteers his time to coach youth football and wrestling ...

    ------------

    www.cleveland.com/avon/index.ssf/2013/04/avon_city_council_member_kevin.html

    Avon City Council member Kevin Ward announces he will join the race for mayor

    By Erin Beese, Sun News

    April 25, 2013

    Kevin Ward, Ward 3 representative on Avon City Council, announced today he intends to run for mayor of Avon this fall. Ward is the second member of council do declare his candidacy this week.

    Ward, 44, has served on city council for four years as the Ward 3 representative ... Ward has also been a member of city council's Finance Committee and was formerly the chairman of the Parks and Recreation Committee. He is a former U.S. Army officer.

    He has served as president, vice president of operations, and chief financial officer for businesses which included security services, pest control, building maintenance, and construction equipment rental. Ward is also a volunteer youth football and wrestling coach ...

    -----------

    www.cleveland.com/avon/index.ssf/2013/04/ward_3_councilman_kevin_ward_e.html

    Ward 3 councilman Kevin Ward enters Avon's mayoral race

    By Julie A. Short, Correspondent Sun News

    April 25, 2013

    AVON, Ohio -- The race to be Avon's next mayor is growing as another candidate has announced he intends to run for the city's highest office. Ward 3 Councilman Kevin Ward, 44, is in his fourth year on Avon's City Council and recently pulled petitions at the Lorain County Board of Elections to be on the ballot in the November General Election ...

    As a member of council, Ward also has served on the council's finance committee, as well as chairman of the parks and recreation committee ...

    Ward works as a business management consultant with Spartan Group, providing assistance to organizations modernizing their operations with technology, and helping to make their organizations leaner and more cost effective.

    He also has held various executive roles including president, vice president of operations and chief financial officer for businesses that included security services, pest control, building maintenance, and construction equipment rental ...

    Ward has a master's degree in business administration from Boston University and a bachelor's degree in accounting from Cleveland State University ...

    In 1986 at age 17, Ward enlisted in the U.S. Army Reserves and became a Commissioned Officer in 1990 when he entered active military duty. During his nearly five years of service, he was stationed in Frankfurt and Darmstadt, Germany and also was deployed to Somalia during Operation Restore Hope. During his service, he rose to the rank of captain and was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal, three Army Commendation medals, and the Army Achievement Award.

    Ward married his high school sweetheart, Karen, 25 years ago and the couple has three children; Kevin Jr., 15; Brittney, 13; and Ryan, 10 ...

    ------------

    chronicle.northcoastnow.com/2013/04/26/second-councilman-enters-avon-mayoral-race/

    Second councilman enters Avon mayoral race

    Filed by Steve Fogarty April 26th, 2013

    AVON -- It's now a two-man race for the mayor's job.

    Kevin M. Ward, who is in his second term representing the city's 3rd Ward on Avon City Council, announced his candidacy Thursday, two days after 1st Ward Councilman Bryan Jensen was the first to announce his entry into the race.

    A Cleveland native and seven-year resident of Avon, Ward, 44, said he wants to apply his business skills and experience to the task of running the city, which is expected to keep growing ...

    Avon was one of the state's fastest-growing cities over the past decade, having nearly doubled in population from 11,446 in 2000 to 21,193 in 2010 ...

    A member of Council's Finance Committee, Ward has also chaired the Parks and Recreation Committee.

    An accounting graduate of Cleveland State University, Ward received a master's degree in business administration from Boston University.

    A member of the Army Reserves at age 17, Ward became a commissioned officer in 1990. During five years of service, he was stationed in Germany, deployed to Somalia during Operation Restore Hope and attained the rank of captain.

    Ward and his wife, Karen, have been married for 25 years, and have three children, Kevin Jr., 15, Brittney, 13, and Ryan, 10.

    Contact Steve Fogarty at sfogarty@chroniclet.com.

    Top -- Home

    2presspapers.northcoastnow.com/press-avon-high-school-to-host-political-forum/

    [The Press and Avon High School welcome the four candidates running for mayor to a political forum]

    Filed by 2 Press Papers Staff September 17th, 2013

    AVON -- The Press will join Avon High School Oct. 9 [2013] in welcoming the four candidates running for mayor in Avon to a forum at the high school. The free, two-hour event will begin at 7 p.m. in the auditorium at 37545 Detroit Road.

    "In 20 years, Avon has not had turnover in the mayor's office. Now, with Jim Smith not running for re-election, we felt it was an opportune moment to help voters understand some of the differences among those running," Press managing editor Peter Comings said.

    "In two hours, each candidate will be given five minutes each for opening and closing remarks. For the meat of it, I want to keep them on one topic: infrastructure. What is the biggest infrastructure need in the city right now? Why? And how will it be paid for?

    "That opens up interchanges, roads, pools, police stations, floodplain mitigation and the like. They can take up to 10 minutes to explain their reasoning, and then those in attendance can take up to 10 minutes per candidate to question them about their choice." Candidates will only be asking questions of each other only in the event audience members have no questions.

    In previous years, The Press has moderated forums on city and school elections in Avon Lake and Sheffield Village. "The more information people have at their disposal, the better voters they become," Comings said.

    In conjunction with the event, The Press has asked each of the eight candidates running for contested City Council seats to submit a column addressing the same question of infrastructure needs. Those columns will appear in the Oct. 9 [2013] edition of The Press.

    "There is the possibility that this will be recorded, and I have already had interest from people within the district asking if students will have a chance to get involved," Comings said. "I look forward to a good turnout from the community."

    Contact Peter Comings at editor@2presspapers.com

    ------------

    Dear Peter Comings, 10-1-13

    On behalf of the Avon Landmarks Preservation Commission, we look forward to the political forum on October 9th for mayoral candidates. Our four member commission will be in attendance.

    We are very interested in the stand each candidate has on historic preservation as a concept, and specifically how it can play out, especially in relationship to infrastructure growth and Avon's rapidly expanding population.

    Early this year we were not successful in our attempt to preserve the site of the Johannes Nagel homestead of 1849 at the corner of Nagel and Schwartz Roads. Our plea to the Avon Planning Commission and City Council went unheeded, as both groups unanimously voted to place a new traffic lane 10 feet closer to the facade of the homestead leaving it a 30 foot setback. The opposite side of the street remained unchanged with a setback to the houses opposite of approximately 80 feet.

    Sincerely, Joe Richvalsky, Chairman

    Avon Landmarks Preservation Commission

    ---------

    www.morningjournal.com/general-news/20130930/election-avon-council-backs-candidate-kevin-ward-for-mayor

    [Avon Council backs candidate Kevin Ward for mayor]

    By Adriana Cuevas, The Morning Journal

    acuevas@morningjournal.com

    Posted: 09/30/13

    AVON -- As the general election draws near, several of Avon's current council members have voiced their support of mayoral candidate Kevin Ward. In a letter disbursed to residents, council members Mary Berges, Craig Witherspoon, Dan Urban and Dennis McBride announced they will support Ward in November. The letter reads as follows:

    "Although each of the mayoral candidates has their own strengths, we feel that Kevin Ward is uniquely qualified to be Avon's next mayor. "Having worked together with Kevin over the last four years on Avon's City Council, Kevin has demonstrated the leadership skills and displayed the experience necessary to lead Avon as it continues to grow and prosper," they wrote.

    After reviewing the letter, Ward said he is extremely flattered and grateful to have gained the support of fellow council members during his time with the city. "I am honored to announce support from all members of Avon's City Council who are not mayoral candidates," said Ward, 44.

    "Mary Berges, Dennis McBride, Dan Urban and Craig Witherspoon total over 30 years of public service to the residents of Avon. I look forward to the opportunity to continue working with them in the future and their trust and confidence is vital in being a successful mayor."

    Ward is vying for the mayoral title against candidates, councilmen Bryan Jensen and Dan Zegarac and Avon resident Rich Summers. Each is looking to fill a seat occupied for the past two decades by Mayor Jim Smith.

    "Over the last 20 years, Mayor Smith has taken our city of just over 7,000 residents and transformed it into a city that has over 22,000 residents," Ward said. "It is considered one of the biggest success stories, in not only Lorain County, but Ohio. "Together, with our residents, our city council and our city employees, we will work hard to continue furthering that success story and to meet the challenges before us."

    Wrapping up his second term on council, Ward has lived in the city for the past seven years, currently serving as a business management consultant with the Spartan Group. He holds a bachelor's degree in accounting from Cleveland State University and a master's degree in business administration from Boston University.

    ---------

    chronicle.northcoastnow.com/2013/10/10/avon-mayor-endorses-candidate-bryan-jensen/

    Avon mayor endorses candidate Bryan Jensen

    Filed on October 10, 2013 by Chelsea Miller

    AVON -- Mayor Jim Smith said candidate Bryan Jensen is the best choice for Mayor, announcing his endorsement Thursday [10-10-13] afternoon.

    Smith said Jensen is a better candidate than his opponents, because he has always been involved in the community and has ties to Avon. Jensen, who is currently on City Council, is president of Pinehaven Garden Center and Greenhouses in Avon ...

    Jensen is running against Rich Summers and City Council members Kevin Ward and Dan Zegarac. Ward received an endorsement from four City Council members who are not running for the job ...

    Contact Chelsea Miller at cmiller@chroniclet.com.

    Top -- Home

    results.ohioboe.com/lorainoh/results.htm

    Lorain County, OH General Election

    November 5, 2013 - Unofficial Results

    Avon City Mayor

    Number of Precincts 14

    Precincts Reporting 14 100.0%

    Vote For 1

    Bryan K. Jensen 2629 43.93%

    Rich Summers 889 14.86%

    Kevin Ward 1530 25.57%

    Dan Zegarac 936 15.64%

    -------------------

    Avon City Council At Large

    Number of Precincts 14

    Precincts Reporting 14 100.0%

    Vote For 3

    Steven M. Balmert 1012 8.90%

    Lee E. Belardo 1989 17.49%

    Tammy S. Holtzmeier 2165 19.04%

    Michael McDonough 1820 16.01%

    Brian Parsons 1851 16.28%

    Craig Witherspoon 2532 22.27%

    ----------------

    Avon City 1st Ward Council

    Number of Precincts 5

    Precincts Reporting 5 100.0%

    Vote For 1

    Bob Butkowski 1006 61.42%

    Douglas A. Haessig 632 38.58%

    ------------

    Avon City 2nd Ward Council

    Number of Precincts 3

    Precincts Reporting 3 100.0%

    Vote For 1

    Dennis McBride 816 100.00%

    --------------

    Avon City 3rd Ward Council

    Number of Precincts 3

    Precincts Reporting 3 100.0%

    Vote For 1

    Mary Berges 786 100.00%

    --------------

    Avon City 4th Ward Council

    Number of Precincts 3

    Precincts Reporting 3 100.0%

    Vote For 1

    Daniel C. Urban 956 100.00%

    -------------

    Avon LSD

    Number of Precincts 14

    Precincts Reporting 14 100.0%

    Vote For 3

    Heather R. Mahoney 3062 36.12%

    Scott C. Radcliffe 2844 33.55%

    John Weigman 2572 30.34%

    ------------

    1 Lorain County - Sales and Use Tax Increase

    Number of Precincts 187

    Precincts Reporting 187 100.0%

    YES 18975 34.03%

    NO 36788 65.97%

    ------------

    2 Lorain County Community College - Ren'l w/ Inc / Current Exp

    Number of Precincts 187

    Precincts Reporting 187 100.0%

    FOR THE TAX LEVY 28497 50.06%

    AGAINST THE TAX LEVY 28425 49.94%

    ---------

    28 Avon LSD - Tax Levy / Ren'l / Gen Perm Improvements

    Number of Precincts 14

    Precincts Reporting 14 100.0%

    FOR THE TAX LEVY 3994 66.52%

    AGAINST THE TAX LEVY 2010 33.48%

    ------------

    This is the Goggle html version of the file

    http://www.loraincountyelections.com/2013%20November%20General%20Issues%20List..pdf.

    LORAIN COUNTY BOARD OF ELECTIONS

    NOVEMBER 5, 2013 GENERAL ELECTION ISSUE LIST

    Issue NO., SUBDIVISION, ISSUE, AMOUNT, YEARS

    1, Lorain County, Sales and use Tax Increase, 1/2 of 1%, 3

    2, Lorain County Community College, Renewal With Increase, 2.1 mills, 10

    28, Avon Local School District, Renewal General Permanent Improvements, 1.25 mills, 5

    -------------

    This is the Goggle html version of the file

    http://www.loraincountyelections.com/45%20Day%20FWAB%202013%20November%20General.pdf.

    LORAIN COUNTY BOARD OF ELECTIONS

    NOVEMBER 5, 2013 GENERAL ELECTION CANDIDATE LIST

    Name of Candidate, Office, Term

    Bryan K. Jensen

    Mayor, 4 years

    Rich Summers

    Mayor, 4 years

    Kevin Ward

    Mayor, 4 years

    Dan Zegarac

    Mayor, 4 years

    Steven M. Balmert

    Council at Large, 2 years

    Lee E. Belardo

    Council at Large, 2 years

    Tammy S. Holtzmeier

    Council at Large, 2 years

    Michael McDonough

    Council at Large, 2 years

    Brian Parsons

    Council at Large, 2 years

    Craig Weatherspoon

    Council at Large, 2 years

    Bob Butkowski

    Ward 1 Council, 4 years

    Douglas A. Haessig

    Ward 1 Council, 4 years

    Dennis McBride

    Ward 2 Council, 4 years

    Mary Berges

    Ward 3 Council, 4 Years

    Daniel C. Urban

    Ward 4 Council, 4 Years

    -----------

    2presspapers.northcoastnow.com/council-president-dan-zegarac-to-run-for-mayor-in-general-election/

    Council President Dan Zegarac to run for mayor

    Filed by rturman May 16th, 2013 in News.

    By Rebecca Turman

    Avon City Council President Dan Zegarac is hoping this time next year he will have his own office at City Hall. In a May 11 [2013] press release, Zegarac, 57, announced he plans to run for mayor in the November general election.

    Avon Mayor Jim Smith is set to retire when his term expires at the end of this year, after 20 years of serving the city.

    Zegarac is the third council member to date to announce his intent to run for the position. Ward 1 Councilman Bryan Jensen and Ward 3 Councilman Kevin Ward also plan to run for the mayor's seat. Zegarac is currently serving his second council at large term ...

    While serving on council, Zegarac has also served as the chairman of the Service and Economic Development committees of council. He has also served on the Parks and Recreation Commission and on the Legal Committee of council.

    "I enjoy working for the residents and businesses in Avon, and wish to do it in a full-time capacity as mayor, where I can use my everyday leadership and business experience," Zegarac wrote in the press release.

    During a May 13 interview, when asked why he decided to run for mayor, Zegarac said, "I've known that I've been interested in doing such for the last few years, and I think with my experience and having lived in the community as long as I have ? I believe I can have a positive impact on the city."

    Zegarac has lived in the city for more than 51 years, he said, attending Avon schools before Kent State University. "I grew up here, raised my family here and have enjoyed the many amenities of our hometown of Avon," he wrote in the press release, adding that his children, Dan, 31, Joe, 28, Bob, 25, Paul, 22, and Katie, 19, all attended Avon schools.

    For close to eight years, Zegarac has worked for the Ganley Auto Group serving as a sales/business manager at the Cleveland and Aurora locations.

    Contact Rebecca Turman at rturman@2presspapers.com

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    chronicle.northcoastnow.com/2013/05/16/avon-council-president-declares-run-for-mayor/

    Avon Council president declares run for mayor

    Filed by Steve Fogarty May 16th, 2013 in Top Stories.

    AVON -- ... City Council President Dan Zegarac announced his candidacy Wednesday, saying he wants to continue the city's string of positive developments, including bringing more business to town.

    "Business expansion has been a big help in reducing the city's financial burden, and we should use any opportunity to help somebody grow and locate their business to Avon," Zegarac said.

    Zegarac, 56, who is serving his second at-large term, becomes the third Council member to enter the race.

    Councilman Bryan Jensen, 1st Ward, and Councilman Kevin M. Ward, 3rd Ward, previously announced their candidacies for the city's top job, which will be vacated by Jim Smith, who will retire at the end of this year after 20-plus years at the city's helm.

    Touting the city's attractive location for business because Interstate 90 bisects the community, Zegarac cited the benefits of increased tax revenue for the city and school system that are produced by businesses that have set up shop in the city.

    Zegarac said the city owes fiscal responsibility to residents who "deserve the most for their tax dollars."

    A recently completed geographical survey designed to ultimately help the city reduce flooding headaches is another priority for Zegarac.

    Raised in the city, Zegarac has also raised his own family there, including sons Dan, 31; Joe, 28; Bob, 25; Paul, 22; and daughter Katie, 19. Zegarac and his children all attended Avon Schools.

    Zegarac, who attended Kent State University, is employed by the Ganley Auto Group as a sales/business manager at the firm's Cleveland and Aurora locations where he has worked for nearly eight years.

    "I started in the auto business in high school at $1.65 per hour and became general manager," Zegarac said. "It's exciting when you're trusted by an entrepreneur to help manage a $30 million-plus location."

    He said he would draw on his years of leadership on Council and business experience to benefit the city.

    In addition to serving as City Council president, he has also chaired Council's Service and Economic Development Committees, and served on the Parks and Recreation Commission and Legal Committee.

    A member of St. Mary Church and Knights of Columbus 3269, Zegarac is also a social member of Avon Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 7035.

    Contact Steve Fogarty at sfogarty@chroniclet.com.

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    www.morningjournal.com/articles/2013/05/16/news/doc51944ee5ea9e0640090998.txt

    Dan Zegarac enters race for mayor of Avon

    Published: Thursday, May 16, 2013

    By ADRIANA CUEVAS acuevas@MorningJournal.com

    AVON -- The race for the next mayor of Avon is intensifying as City Council President Dan Zegarac announced his candidacy for the November general election.

    Zegarac, an Avon resident for more than 51 years, is serving his second term on City Council. He will be vying for the title of mayor of Avon against fellow council members, Bryan Jensen and Kevin Ward, all seeking to replace Mayor Jim Smith who has served the city for more than 20 years.

    "I have enjoyed working with Mayor Smith, City Council, the administration, and the dedicated employees of our city," said Zegarac. "I enjoy working for the residents' and businesses in Avon and wish to do it in a full-time capacity as mayor where I can use my everyday leadership and business experience."

    Apart from serving as City Council president, Zegarac also has served as chairman of the Service and Economic Development Committee, Parks and Recreation Commission, and the Legal Committee.

    "There is still much to accomplish in Avon," Zegarac said. "We have recently completed phase one of a geographical information survey that will hopefully help out with flooding issues, we have many capital improvement projects that have been brought forward and are being addressed; projects that will make Avon a better community going forward."

    Prior to serving the city, Zegarac was a sales/business manager of Ganley Auto Group in Cleveland and Aurora for nearly eight years.

    He is a member of St. Mary Church, Knights of Columbus 3269, Avon VFW Post 7035, Avon High School Athletic Hall of Fame Selection Committee, and Avon Blended Class Reunion Committee. He also has coached several youth sports groups and is actively involved in Chevrolet Youth Soccer and Chevrolet Youth Baseball with the Ganley Auto Group.

    Zegarac was raised in Avon, attended Avon schools, and Kent State University. His five children also attended Avon schools.

    "Four years ago, I promised Avon residents that I'd make a decision based on what I believe is best for the citizens and businesses right here in our town. That hasn't changed. My familiarity with Avon and the region will be beneficial as Avon's next mayor. I believe in doing the best we can for Avon, its residents, and businesses as they deserve the most for their tax dollars."

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    SPECIAL TO THE MORNING JOURNAL

    Rich Summers

    AVON -- The race to become Avon's next mayor is escalating as Attorney Rich Summers announced his candidacy this week.

    Summers, 41, will be competing for the mayoral seat against Council President Dan Zegarac, Ward 1 Councilman Bryan Jensen, and Ward 3 Councilman Kevin Ward who are all looking to succeed Mayor Jim Smith in the upcoming November general election.

    "I decided to run for mayor of Avon because I truly love the city," Summers said. "This is a pivotal time for the city because Avon is at a crossroad and needs a new voice and vision."

    Summers believes the city is most in need of a leader capable of planning carefully to ensure proper economic development and growth so it does not infringe upon the comforts of residents.

    "Important decisions are facing our city as it relates to the economic development and infrastructure of Avon. The next mayor of Avon must be able to recruit the right businesses to build and locate in Avon."

    If elected, Summers vows to focus most on raising residential property values.

    "My main objective is to protect and raise our most important investment -- the values of our home. I want to see Avon be the city that everyone wants to call their home. My vision is simple, we must attract well-paying jobs and strengthen Avon's tax base."

    Summers has lived in the city for the past six years with his wife, Kelli, and son, Max.

    "When looking for the best community to buy a home and raise a family, Kelli and I immediately fell in love with the City of Avon," he said. "The city has a great deal of potential and it was impossible not to fall in love with the excellent schools, the great location, and most importantly -- the people who make up the community."

    He currently serves as an assistant prosecutor in Parma and a litigation lawyer for McDonald Hopkins in Cleveland. Continued...

    Prior to joining the law firm in 2003, he acted as an assistant county prosecutor for the Cuyahoga County Prosecutor's Office and the assistant program director for the City of Parma.

    Summers earned a bachelor's degree from Baldwin Wallace College and a law degree from the University of Akron School of Law.

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    www.morningjournal.com/articles/2013/07/11/news/doc51df7472bd9a3207554431.txt

    Avon resident Brian Parsons plans to run for at-large council seat

    Published: Thursday, July 11, 2013

    By ADRIANA CUEVAS acuevas@MorningJournal.com

    SPECIAL TO THE MORNING JOURNAL

    Brian Parsons

    AVON -- The race for Avon City Council is intensifying as Brian Parsons, 51, announced his running for an at-large council seat in November.

    "I am running for Avon City Council because I love the city," said Parsons in a news release. "I believe the best times are ahead of us and that I can contribute to our future successes."

    As a resident of the city for more than 11 years, Parsons said he has witnessed the city's growth firsthand and believes it still possesses great potential for continued success.

    "The new Nagel Road interchange is open now and the Cleveland Clinic expansion is on the horizon. This, along with all of the land still available in Avon means that this growth will continue. How the continued growth is managed will be key to the quality of life for all our families and for our future as a community."

    For the past seven years, Parsons has served as chairman of the Lorain County Solid Waste Policy Committee, working with every city and township in the county.

    "I helped write the policy for the district that the Ohio EPA called a 'model for the state,' increased recycling 271 percent in Lorain County, and delivered over $450,000 in grant funding to the City of Avon since the plan was implemented," he said.

    "This experience has given me insight into how to work together and get things done."

    Parsons and his wife of 20 years, Bunny, have lived in Avon since 2002, raising a family.

    "My wife and I chose to make Avon our home and raise our family here over 11 years ago, probably for the same reasons that many of Avon's other residents did. Great schools and great businesses are part of the recipe, but great people are what drive our outstanding quality of life in Avon."

    Parsons is running for a Council at-Large seat against fellow resident and attorney Lee Belardo. Continued...

    Also set to run in the November election are Robert Butkowski, looking to fill a seat for Ward 1, Ward 3 Councilwoman Mary Berges, and council members Bryan Jensen and Kevin Ward who both are seeking to succeed Mayor Jim Smith who has served the city for more than 20 years.

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    2presspapers.northcoastnow.com/brian-parsons-announces-intent-to-run-for-at-large-city-council-seat/

    Brian Parsons announces intent to run for at-large City Council seat

    By Rebecca Turman

    Filed by rturman July 18th, 2013 in News.

    AVON -- Brian Parsons, 51, is hoping the third time is the charm on the November ballot.

    Parsons announced last week he intends to run for an at large seat on Avon City Council. He ran for an at large seat in 2007 and a Ward 3 seat in 2009, but was defeated both times.

    All three at large seats are up for grabs. Councilman at Large Dan Zegarac is running for mayor; Councilwoman at Large Mary Berges will run for the Ward 3 seat instead; and Councilman at Large Craig Witherspoon is up for re-election this November as well.

    To date, Parsons and Avon attorney Lee Belardo are the only individuals who have announced to The Press their intent to run for an at large seat.

    "I am running for Avon City Council because I love this city," Parsons wrote in a press release last week. "I believe the best times are ahead of us and that I can contribute to our future successes."

    Parsons and his wife of 20 years, Bunny, moved to Avon more than 11 years ago, he said. In the fall, their 11-year-old daughter Charlotte will attend Avon Heritage North Elementary School.

    Parsons' professional background is in sales and management, and he has worked for companies including Sony, Philips, U.S. Robotics, Pandigital and Siren Inc.

    Working from his home office, Parsons currently serves as director of sales in North America for Roku Inc., "a Silicon Valley company based in Saratoga, CA, who makes streaming players that allow you to access your favorite movies, TV shows and music through a high speed internet connection," according to his website.

    Along with his professional background in sales and management, Parsons has served on the Lorain County Solid Waste Policy committee for seven and a half years, with three of those as chairman.

    "I have worked with every city and township in Lorain County," he wrote. "I helped write the policy for the district that the Ohio EPA called a 'model for the state', increased recycling 271 percent in Lorain County and delivered over $450,000 in grant funding to the city of Avon since the plan was implemented."

    According to Parsons, managing the continuing growth in Avon will be "key to the quality of life" for Avon residents and the city, he wrote in his release.

    "Residents tell me, 'I don't want Avon to become this or that city,' gridlocked, too much traffic, vacant buildings, etc.," Parsons wrote in an e-mail. "With so much land available in Avon, there are limits to what we can control, but we can direct and manage effectively, avoid those pitfalls and maintain Avon as a great place to live and visit for years to come."

    The city has a big transition period ahead, Parsons said, as a new mayor and at least three new council members will be elected in November.

    "The ability to work together and build a consensus is key," he wrote in the press release "I have worked for both large and small companies and have been a business owner. ? I work with executives every day and fully understand what it takes to be successful. As a business leader and community volunteer, I believe that my strong business experience, negotiation skills and common sense approach provide the background and expertise to be successful on City Council."

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    2presspapers.northcoastnow.com/local-banker-tammy-holtzmeier-enters-race-for-at-large-city-council-seat/

    Local banker Tammy Holtzmeier enters race for at-large City Council seat

    Filed by rturman August 8th, 2013 in News.

    By Rebecca Turman

    AVON -- Three Avon City Council at large seats are up for election this November, and Tammy Holtzmeier is hoping to claim one of them.

    Petitions weren't certified by the Lorain County Board of Elections as of The Press deadline, but Holtzmeier, 41, is one of five candidates who intends to run for an at large seat. Current Councilman at Large Craig Witherspoon plans to run for re-election, and Lee Belardo, Brian Parsons and Steve Balmert also plan to run for a seat.

    Holtzmeier, a local banker, said she chose to run for a council seat this November because the city is "at a critical stage of its history."

    "We have to continue focusing on job growth and expanding the tax base here in Avon," Holtzmeier wrote in a press release last week. "We have a finite amount of land yet to develop, and we must zone, attract and, if necessary, abate business that will contribute meaningful income to the tax base for years to come."

    Holtzmeier has lived in Avon for the past five years with her husband of 15 years, Brant. Their three sons attend Avon schools.

    "Avon is a wonderful city that still has its small town charm," Holtzmeier wrote. "Whether you've lived here your whole life or just recently made it your hometown, Avon is an easy place for everyone to feel welcome. It's a great place to raise a family."

    As for what Holtzmeier would bring to the table if elected, she said her finance background would be an asset as "council faces tough fiscal decisions."

    She has:

    a bachelor's degree from Ohio University;

    since 2000, actively managed a credit union and bank consulting practice;

    served as chief executive officer of Riverside Federal Credit Union;

    experience as a bank executive in risk management, mergers and marketing with Mid Am Bank and VacationLand Federal Credit Union; and,

    served on the board of directors of Telhio Credit Union.

    "As Avon grows, we must continue conducting city business in an accessible and transparent manner," she wrote.

    Holtzmeier noted she recently reviewed the city's Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, along with other financial documents, with Finance Director Bill Logan.

    "As TIF's (tax increment financing), enterprise zones and abatements are being used to keep Avon growing, the rationale for use as well as the long-term benefits and risk should be more clearly communicated with taxpayers," she wrote.

    In terms of community involvement, Holtzmeier said she volunteers her time as an elementary school room parent, an Avon Little League mom and an Avon PTA member.

    She has also volunteered her time as a court-appointed special advocate/guardian ad litem, "representing the best interests of abused and neglected children within the juvenile courtroom," she wrote in the press release.

    Holtzmeier was appointed and served as the president-elect of the advisory board of the Hannah Neil Center for Children's. As part of her service, she "chaired a two-year long fundraising initiative that marshaled the corporate community to raise more than $150,000 for the launch of MyPlace, a supervised independent living program for minors who are transitioning out of the foster care system due to age."

    "MyPlace was the first program of its kind in Ohio for youth," she wrote.

    Holtzmeier said she is in tune with what Avon residents want and the issues Avon faces.

    "Avon residents are concerned about the city continuing to manage growth as well as decreasing our municipal debt," she wrote. "Improving the road, bridge, sewer and storm water infrastructure of a growing city has been top of mind to residents," she said.

    In addition, Holtzmeier said residents would like to see more communication in regard to city plans, including the community pool, sidewalk installation, etc.

    While going door to door to talk to residents, Holtzmeier said she has learned a dog park is something many would like to see the city provide.

    "I believe it is critical to collect many viewpoints to draw informed and balanced conclusions," she wrote. "I am going to do what is right for the growth of our city, and I am going to be respectful of our taxpayers and the changes they have endured in the growing process."

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    2presspapers.northcoastnow.com/councilman-at-large-craig-witherspoon-intends-to-run-for-his-fifth-term/

    Councilman at Large Craig Witherspoon intends to run for his fifth term

    Filed by rturman August 7th, 2013 in News.

    By Rebecca Turman

    AVON -- With so many changes coming to Avon -- a new mayor for the first time in 20 years and at least three new council members to be elected this November -- current Avon Councilman at Large Craig Witherspoon is hoping Avon residents will re-elect him to provide a sense of stability for the city.

    In a press release issued earlier this week, Witherspoon, 64, announced he will seek a fifth term on Avon City Council.

    "My experience during the last eight years will be an asset in planning and maintaining the successful, common sense growth of Avon," Witherspoon wrote in the press release.

    During his eight years on City Council, Witherspoon served four of them as council president and another four as council president pro tem. He has also served on the Legal and Safety committees of council as well as council representative to the Parks and Recreation Commission. For the last six years he has taken on the role of council representative to Avon seniors, providing them with updates on city happenings.

    "During my terms on council, Avon has seen a new baseball stadium, the YMCA, the Cleveland Clinic, the I-90 interchange, leaf pick-up, expansion of parks, continued upgrades to police and fire departments," he wrote.

    In addition to his involvement in Avon city government, Witherspoon serves as the general manager of Berris Optical in Rocky River. He is also an adjunct faculty advisor in the optical program at Cuyahoga Community College. In the past, he owned Witherspoon Opticians for 32 years, and he served as president and member of the Cleveland Society of Ophthalmic Opticians and president of the Opticians Association of Ohio.

    Witherspoon and his wife, Carolyn, have lived in the city of Avon for 38 years. Their son Brian is also an Avon resident with his wife, Claudia, and their two sons. Their son Jim lives in Michigan with his wife, Lana, and a daughter.

    Over the years, Witherspoon and his wife, who is chairwoman of the Planning Commission, have been involved with Avon schools and various community organizations, along with their involvement in city government.

    Witherspoon's community involvement includes the following:

    Has served 33 years as member and past president of the Avon Lions Club

    Served eight years as president of the Avon Athletic Booster Club

    Worked on the Levy Committee to build Avon High School

    Charter Review Committee member

    Coached Avon recreational youth soccer, softball and Avon Little League

    Received the Lorain County Athletic Association Citizenship Award

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    2presspapers.northcoastnow.com/local-attorney-lee-belardo-to-run-for-at-large-seat-on-avon-city-council/

    Local attorney Lee Belardo to run for at-large seat on Avon City Council

    By Rebecca Turman

    Filed by rturman June 28th, 2013 in News.

    AVON -- Avon attorney Lee Belardo, 45, hopes Avon voters will consider electing him to an at-large council seat in the November election.

    According to the Lorain County Board of Elections website, Belardo has already filed his petitions; however, they haven't officially been counted yet.

    Asked why he decided to run for council, in a recent e-mail, Belardo said his background would benefit the city and council.

    "I want to use the skills learned through my education and honed in my business and professional life to give back to the city I have chosen to live, raise a family and work in," he wrote. "Keeping Avon a safe place to raise a family is my chief motivation to run for City Council."

    With three members of the current Avon City Council -- Dan Zegarac, Kevin Ward and Bryan Jensen -- announcing their intent to run for mayor, Belardo said it "seems like an opportune time" to run for a seat.

    The last time Belardo ran for a seat on council was in 2003. He lost the Ward 1 Council seat to Mark Julius.

    He and his wife, Michelle, have lived in Avon for 15 years with their 17-year-old son and 14-year-old daughter. Both of their children attend Lake Ridge Academy.

    Belardo's most recent city involvement includes serving as vice chairman of the 2012 Avon Charter Review Commission.

    With a Bachelor of Science degree in combined sciences from Youngstown State University and a Juris Doctor degree from the Cleveland-Marshall College of Law at Cleveland State University, he has practiced law since 1995 and is the owner of L.E. Belardo LLC, a general practice law firm.

    His firm has been located in Avon for the past 10 years, he said.

    Belardo's professional involvement

    includes the following:

  • membership and past chairmanship of the Ohio Supreme Court's Commission on Professionalism;

  • trustee for the Ohio State Bar Foundation and currently on the Audit & Finance Committee and the Grants & Programs Committee;

  • membership in the executive board for the Ohio Center for Law-Related Education; and,

  • membership in the Lorain County Bar Association and chairman of the sole practitioners, small firms committee.

    He describes himself as an active and sustaining member of the Ohio State Bar Association with prior leadership roles as a board of governors and chairman of the Budget and Headquarters committee.

    When it comes to community involvement, Belardo is a member of St. Teresa of Avila Church in Sheffield Village, where he serves on the Finance Committee and is a lector. He also served on the Parish Life Committee at the church.

    He also serves as an at-large board member for the Boy Scouts of America Heart of Ohio Council and as a troop committee chairman of the Greater Cleveland Council Westlake Boy Scout Troop 225.

    Belardo is also a board member for the Far West Center, a community mental health center that provides behavioral health services for residents of western Cuyahoga County and Lorain County.

    Between his professional and community involvement, Belardo said he has had "some experience dealing with the fiduciary obligations I would face should I be elected to Avon City Council."

    "Running my small business makes me somewhat aware of the management issues that I may face if elected," he added.

    "The last 30 years Avon has seen incredible growth and prosperity," he wrote. "As Avon matures, we will face different issues than a city developing from rural roots to what it is today. By finding consensus among groups with differing interest in the future of the city, Avon can keep moving forward and be a prosperous place for

    businesses to invest and a safe place for families to live."

    Belardo welcomes residents to contact him with any questions they may have at mail@vote4belardo.com or by phone at 440-934-2199.

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    2presspapers.northcoastnow.com/balmert-to-run-for-at-large-council-seat/

    Balmert to run for at large council seat

    Filed by rturman August 19th, 2013 in News.

    By Rebecca Turman

    AVON -- resident Steve Balmert hopes Avon voters will elect him this November to one of the three at large seats on Avon City Council.

    Petitions were not certified by the Lorain County Board of Elections as of The Press deadline, but the website states that Balmert is one of six candidates running for the three seats.

    This is Balmert's third time running for an Avon City Council seat. He ran for a Ward 1 seat in the 2011 general election and an at large seat in the 2009 general election.

    Balmert, 45, said he chose to run for an at large seat this time around because he feels there are many citywide issues that need to be addressed, not just in the ward he lives in.

    "The at large seat is very important," he wrote in an e-mail earlier this week. "It is a position that has to keep all of the citizens and the city as a whole in mind when addressing issues."

    Balmert is a lifelong resident of Avon.

    "My great-grandparents and grandparents were farmers and had lived in Avon long ago," he wrote. "My dad grew up here and lived here his whole life."

    Balmert graduated from Avon High School in 1986. He attended The Ohio State University, where he majored in computer information science and engineering.

    "After I graduated from college, I remained in Avon, buying a house here and establishing a home," he wrote.

    Balmert said he spent many years working for Reliance Electric, which was later purchased by Rockwell Automation. From 1990 to 2004, Balmert said he spent a lot of time traveling as part of his job.

    "Having seen many different areas, I gained a different perspective on issues that face this city," he wrote.

    Since last year, Balmert said he has worked as a senior automation engineer at Republic Steel in Lorain.

    "My job involves many different aspects of automation," he wrote, adding he is involved in

    "troubleshooting, designing, developing and implementing computer hardware and software used to operate the equipment at the steel mill."

    Balmert and his wife, Debbie, have been married for close to eight years and have two children, Mike and Matthew. Mike graduated from Avon High School in 2011 and Matthew will be a first-grader this year.

    If elected, Balmert said there are three major

    issues in the city he would like to see addressed. The first issue is a community swimming pool.

    "It has been said that the city has money to build the pool," Balmert wrote. "It will be important to come up with a plan for the funding to maintain the pool. There are many people that would want to use the pool that cannot afford high fees for use of the pool or to have taxes increased."

    Property values in Avon have decreased, according to Balmert, which is another issue that needs to be addressed.

    "There needs to be more ways to generate income for the city and also eliminate unnecessary spending," he wrote. "Attracting the right businesses into Avon is one way. This could have a major impact in property value and in income tax revenue."

    Balmert said the city may soon have to deal with decisions regarding municipal bonds.

    "With the city of Detroit going bankrupt, the federal court may have to make a major decision about municipal bonds," he wrote. "Currently bond holders are required to get paid before all other creditors. What is being asked is that bond holders be put at the end of the list of creditors, meaning that they will not be paid. If there is any decision made on this, it would have ramifications in the current city finances."

    In terms of what he thinks gives him an edge over the other candidates running for at large seats, Balmert wrote, "I have taken the initiative to research and bring up issues and solutions to the city government and city employees."

    Balmert said when he has come across city issues he felt strongly about, he took the time to read the city charter and ordinances. He has also read through the Clean Water Act, he said, which would help him when it comes to handling the flooding issues in the city, he added.

    "I don't just sit back and accept things for face value," he wrote. "I research the issues and look for solutions. This comes from many years of experience in the engineering field."

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    2presspapers.northcoastnow.com/local-attorney-announces-plans-to-run-for-ward-1-city-council-seat/

    Local attorney announces plans to run for Ward 1 City Council seat

    Filed by rturman August 17th, 2013 in News.

    By Rebecca Turman

    AVON -- resident Doug Haessig is running for the Ward 1 City Council seat in the November election.

    The Lorain County Board of Elections, as of The Press deadline, had not certified petitions, but Haessig is the second candidate to announce his intent to run for a Ward 1 seat. Bob Butkowski is running for the seat as well.

    Haessig decided to run for the seat because he wants to "get further involved with the city of Avon and to be a part of the continued growth and success of the city," he wrote in an e-mail earlier this week.

    Haessig, 35, has been a licensed attorney for eight years, he said, with "experience related to the area of real property."

    He is currently employed at Reimer, Arnovitz, Chernek & Jeffrey Co. L.P.A. in Solon.

    He has also been a licensed title insurance agent since 2006.

    Asked what issue he would like to see addressed if elected, Haessig wrote, "I would like to make sure we continue to grow Avon in a smart and efficient manner. We also need to make sure that our roads and infrastructure can keep up with the growth that Avon has seen over the past several years."

    Haessig has lived in Avon for 12 years with his wife of 13 years, Megan, and four children. All of the children, ranging from kindergarten age to a senior in high school, attend Avon schools.

    When it comes to community involvement, he said he has served as the rec director of the Avon Soccer League Association for the past five years and has "had many communications with the residents and am knowledgeable regarding the issues related to the Parks and Recreation program."

    "I have coached my children in soccer and baseball in Avon for the past eight years," he added.

    Individuals who wish to contact Haessig can do so by e-mailing him at doug.haessig@gmail.com.

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    2presspapers.northcoastnow.com/bob-butkowski-to-run-for-ward-1-city-council-seat/

    Bob Butkowski to run for Ward 1 City Council seat

    By Rebecca Turman

    Filed by rturman July 26th, 2013 in News.

    AVON -- With Avon Councilman Bryan Jensen planning to run for the position of mayor on the November 2013 ballot, a seat will be left open for a new Ward 1 councilman.

    Avon resident Bob Butkowski is hoping to fill that seat.

    "I feel it is important to serve the community that you live in to help make it a better place to live," Butkowski wrote in an e-mail as to why he decided to run for the Ward 1 council seat.

    Butkowski, 39, ran for the Ward 1 City Council position in the 2011 general election, pulling in approximately 27 percent of the votes (525), but ultimately, he was defeated by Jensen, who received close to 45 percent of the vote (879).

    As for what he would bring to council in terms of experience, after growing up in North Ridgeville and living in Avon for seven years, Butkowski said he feels he has a "good understanding of the dynamic of the Avon community."

    Professionally, Butkowski was a product development manager at Procter & Gamble, an institutional sales representative at Pfizer and at Karl Storz, where he has experience selling capital surgical devices to hospitals in the Northeast Ohio region.

    "I have worked for two Fortune 500 companies and have had extensive business training and experience analyzing and executing plans," he wrote. "Many of these skills can be applied to managing our local government."

    Butkowski and his wife of seven years, Lisa, have three children, with one on the way, he said, noting two of his children attend schools in the Avon Local School District.

    When it comes to community involvement, Butkowski has been involved with his children's sports, including coaching soccer.

    In addition, he is a member of Holy Trinity, and he has participated in the St. Edward annual alumni career day.

    Butkowski said one of the biggest issues facing the city as a whole is economic development.

    "By being proactive with economic development, we can help to diversify the city's tax base to help the burden on the taxpayer," he wrote.

    Flooding is another issue that needs to continue to be addressed, he said.

    "French Creek predominantly runs through Ward 1, and I would like to see a plan to maintain and manage the waterways in and out of the city," he wrote.

    Butkowski would also like to see improvements at the Mills Road and SR 83 intersection in Ward 1.

    "Heading south on 83 and turning left onto Mills is very dangerous and is a bottleneck for traffic," he wrote. "As the city looks to build the water tower on the property to the left of the intersection, I would like to at least see the Avon side of the road widened to allow for a turning lane. It will not be an easy thing to accomplish because we will have to work with North Ridgeville and the State of Ohio; however, it is something that needs to be addressed."

    Those who would like to reach out to Butkowski can do so via e-mail at butkowskiforcouncil@yahoo.com.

    Contact Rebecca Turman at rturman@2presspapers.com

    ------------

    2presspapers.northcoastnow.com/three-council-members-to-run-unopposed-this-november/

    Three council members to run unopposed this November

    Filed by rturman August 22nd, 2013 in News.

    By Rebecca Turman

    AVON -- While six candidates vie for the three open at large Avon City Council seats this November and two individuals compete for a Ward 1 seat, it appears three council members won't be facing any competition.

    According to the Lorain County Board of Elections website, which lists certified petitions, Avon Councilmen Dennis McBride and Dan Urban will run for re-election and Councilwoman Mary Berges will run for Ward 3 unopposed.

    All three of the council members will serve four-year terms for the first time, if elected, per a recent charter amendment approved by Avon residents.

    Ward 2 Councilman McBride is currently serving his fifth two-year term on council.

    He has lived in Avon for approximately 14 years with his wife, Michelle, and their children Grace and Jack.

    McBride is a licensed attorney and is currently employed as an owner's representative at Balfour Concord.

    He serves as chairman of the Avon City Council Finance Committee and he is a member of the Legal Committee.

    Urban is currently serving his fourth two-year term as Ward 4 councilman. Urban, 42, is an attorney at Avon-based law firm Wickens, Herzer, Panza, Cook & Batista, where he serves on the board of directors and is the vice president and chief human resources officer.

    He and his wife, Kristine, have lived in Avon for approximately 11 years. They have a young daughter, Gwendolyn.

    Urban is the chairman of the city's Legal Committee and a member of the Safety Committee of Council and the Service Committee.

    As for Mary Berges, she was appointed to former council President Clint Pelfrey's seat after he resigned from the position. She was appointed to an at large City Council seat in April 2012 and her appointment expires at the end of this year.

    Berges, 60, will run for a Ward 3 seat this November.

    She is a retired human resources professional with more than 25 years in the field, she said.

    Berges has lived in Avon for close to 10 years with her husband of 37 years, Tom. The two have two grown children.

    Prior to serving on council, Berges was appointed to the Avon Charter Review Commission in 2007 and 2012. She was also appointed to the Landmarks Preservation Commission in 2011.

    As part of her role on council, she serves on the Finance and Economic Development committees. She represents council at Parks and Recreation Commission meetings as well.

    ----------

    2presspapers.northcoastnow.com/three-board-seats-uncontested-on-november-ballot/

    Three board seats uncontested on November ballot

    Filed by rturman August 23rd, 2013 in News.

    By Rebecca Turman

    AVON -- It looks as though the Avon Board of Education members up for re-election this November will be keeping their seats for another four years.

    The Lorain County Board of Elections has certified petitions, and Scott Radcliffe, John Weigman and Heather Mahoney will run for re-election unopposed.

    Radcliffe, vice president of the board, and Weigman are both finishing their first four-year terms.

    In August 2011, the Avon Board of Education appointed Mahoney to take former board President Susan Harrison's vacated seat. In order to hold onto the seat until the end of 2013, Mahoney had to run for election on the November 2011 ballot.

    Mahoney, 37, has lived in Avon for approximately seven years with her husband, Michael, and their three sons. She holds a bachelor's degree in fashion business and is a full-time mother and a fitness instructor.

    Radcliffe has lived in Avon since 2006 with his wife, Jeanie, and their daughter and son, who attend Avon schools.

    Radcliffe, 39, holds a Bachelor of Science degree in mechanical engineering. He currently works at his family business in Avon, Berrington Pumps & Systems, where he serves as manager.

    Weigman, 48, a customer service manager for Lincoln Electric Co., holds a bachelor's degree in engineering and an MBA with a concentration in finance.

    Weigman grew up in Avon, graduating from Avon High School in 1983. In total, he said he's lived in Avon for 37 years. He and his wife, Jay, live in the city with their two daughters, who attend Avon schools.

    In addition to serving on the board since 2010, Weigman served on the Parks and Recreation Commission from 2007 to 2009 and 2012 to the present.

    Contact Rebecca Turman at rturman@2presspapers.com

    -------------

    www.morningjournal.com/articles/2013/08/20/news/doc5212e079efe28034157413.txt

    Three to seek re-election to Avon Board of Education

    Published: Tuesday, August 20, 2013

    By ADRIANA CUEVAS acuevas@MorningJournal.com

    AVON -- As the Nov. 5 general election draws closer, three Avon Local School Board members aim to keep their positions on the Avon City School Board.

    Meeting the Aug. 7 filing deadline, existing board members Heather R. Mahoney, John Weigman and Scott Radcliffe officially submitted their names to the Lorain County Board of Elections.

    Radcliffe, elected in November 2009, currently serves as the board's vice president. He is looking to serve his second four-year term on the board.

    Raised in Rocky River, Radcliffe moved to Avon in 2006 where he currently resides with his two children and wife, Jeanie.

    Radcliffe and his family run Berrington Pumps & Systems, an industrial pump business in Avon supplying pumps to industrial, commercial and municipal applications as well as full service repair capabilities and custom skid/turnkey design and fabrication.

    He graduated from Michigan State University with a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering. Radcliffe has a passion for cars and boats in his spare time.

    If re-elected to the board, Radcliffe said he looks forward to the challenges of the growing school district and is grateful to community members for the opportunity to serve.

    A resident of Avon for more than 30 years, Weigman was elected to the Avon School Board in 2009.

    Professionally, Weigman manages a $30 million parts business for the Lincoln Electric Company and is accountable for all aspects of customer service globally. He previously acted as a Six Sigma Program Manager for Lincoln Electric where he was responsible for executing continuous improvement solutions at Lincoln's manufacturing plants world-wide.

    He earned a bachelor's degree in engineering from The Ohio State University and a master's degree in business administration from Washington University in St. Louis. Continued...

    Mahoney was first elected to the school board in 2011.

    She has served as president of the Avon Early Childhood PTA and has held multiple board positions on the Avon PTA. She is an active volunteer on the Avon Levy Committee and is the owner of a small business, ECOMaids of Cleveland.

    "I love this community and I believe that there is no a better gift to give our children than a great education," she said. "I will work every day to ensure that our children receive the best education possible. I am dedicated to keeping Avon Local Schools Excellent with Distinction."

    Mahoney has a bachelor's degree in health and human services from Ohio University.

    Avon School Board members provide valuable leadership, overseeing all aspects of the school district to determine the best possible educational opportunities for students.

    ------------

    2presspapers.northcoastnow.com/board-takes-steps-to-place-levy-renewal-request-on-november-ballot/

    By Rebecca Turman

    AVON -- Avon voters can expect to see a renewal request for an Avon Local School District permanent improvement levy on the November 2013 ballot.

    At a June 25 meeting, the Avon Board of Education approved a resolution stating it is necessary to renew the permanent improvement tax levy that currently exists, and requested that the Lorain County auditor certify the "total current tax valuation of the school district and the dollar amount of revenue that would be generated by that renewal levy."

    During the meeting, Avon Local School District Treasurer Kent Zeman said the permanent improvement levy was first approved by voters in 1993. The last time Avon residents renewed the levy was in 2008, and that renewal expires at the end of this year, he said.

    The current levy generates approximately $700,000 each year, and Zeman said the current cost of the tax is $35.83 each year per $100,000 of home valuation.

    If voters choose to renew the levy, the cost will remain the same. Zeman noted that the board will look to ask for a five-year renewal of the levy.

    "It is a renewal -- not an increase in taxes," Zeman wrote in an e-mail last week.

    According to state law, permanent improvement levy funds can?t be used to pay for a school district?s operating funds, such as employee salaries and benefits.

    Monies raised by the permanent improvement levy can be used to pay for roof replacements, asphalt work, technology upgrades, bathroom upgrades -- basically any upkeep of facilities, transportation or technology, Zeman said.

    Zeman told board members the district has until Aug. 7 to officially file to place the levy request on the 2013 general election ballot.

    Contact Rebecca Turman at rturman@2presspapers.com

    Top -- Home

    2presspapers.northcoastnow.com/witherspoon-is-once-again-council-president-mayor-appoints-other-city-positions/

    Witherspoon is once again council president,

    Mayor appoints other city positions

    Filed by rturman January 9th, 2014 in News.

    Avon

    By Rebecca Turman

    A new year means new city officials for the city of Avon.

    After new Avon Mayor Bryan Jensen was sworn into office on Jan. 2 [2014], the new Avon City Council members were sworn in as well and conducted an organizational meeting to solidify city positions.

    During the meeting, council members Bob Butkowski, Dennis McBride, Dan Urban, Mary Berges, Craig Witherspoon, Lee Belardo and Tammy Holtzmeier voted to select Councilman at Large Witherspoon as their council president. Witherspoon, 65, is currently serving his fifth term on Avon City Council. He previously served as council president from 2008 to 2011.

    Ward 4 Councilman Dan Urban was elected president pro tem by his fellow council members. This is his fifth term serving on Avon City Council, but it is his first four-year term.

    Council committees were also determined at theĀ organizational meeting as follows:

    Finance Committee

    Chairman -- Ward 2 Councilman Dennis McBride

    Members -- Tammy Holtzmeier, councilwoman at large, and Bob Butkowski, Ward 1 councilman

    Legal Committee

    Chairman -- Ward 4 Councilman Dan Urban

    Members -- Dennis McBride, Ward 2 councilman, and Lee Belardo, councilman at large

    Parks and Recreation Committee

    Chairman -- council President Craig Witherspoon

    Members -- Dennis McBride, Ward 2 councilman, and Mary Berges, Ward 3 councilwoman

    Safety Committee

    Chairman -- Councilman at Large Lee Belardo

    Members -- Dan Urban, Ward 4 councilman, and Craig Witherspoon, council president

    Service Committee

    Chairman -- Ward 1 Councilman Bob Butkowski

    Members -- Dan Urban, Ward 4 councilman, and Mary Berges, Ward 3 councilwoman

    Economic Development Committee

    Chair -- Councilwoman at Large Tammy Holtzmeier

    Members -- Mary Berges, Ward 3 councilwoman, and Bob Butkowski, Ward 1 councilman

    Council members were also appointed to serve as representatives for the following:

    ADA Review Board -- Dennis McBride

    French Creek Development Association -- Bob Butkowski

    Lorain County Community Alliance -- Dan Urban

    Lorain County Office on Aging -- Craig Witherspoon

    Senior Citizens' Advisory Commission -- Craig Witherspoon

    Parks and Recreation Commission -- Mary Berges

    Planning Commission -- Mary Berges

    During the meeting, council approved Jensen's recommendations for appointments to various city positions.

    With Jerry Plas recently retiring from his position as service director, Jensen appointed Mike Farmer to the role for four years, through Dec. 31, 2017.

    According to Avon Clerk of Council Ellen Young, Jensen will act as safety director with no additional pay.

    Reappointments are as follows:

    Joe Richvalsky -- Landmark Preservation (four-year term Jan. 1, 2012, to Dec. 31, 2015)

    James Malloy -- Planning Commission (six-year term from Jan. 1, 2014, to Dec. 31, 2019)

    Kurt Schatschneider -- Board of Zoning and Building Appeals (five-year term from Jan. 1, 2014, to Dec. 31, 2018)

    Diane Corrao -- director of parks (Jan. 1, 2014, to Dec. 31, 2017)

    Bill Logan -- finance director (Jan. 1, 2014, to Dec. 31, 2017)

    John Gasior -- law director (Jan. 1, 2014, to Dec. 31, 2017)

    Contact Rebecca Turman at rturman@2presspapers.com

    -----------

    New council, mayor to be sworn into office Jan. 2 [2014]

    Filed by rturman December 18th, 2013 in News.

    Avon

    By Rebecca Turman

    With the new year rapidly approaching, Monday?s will be the last council meeting for a few of the Avon City Council members.

    Monday will mark the last meeting for council President Dan Zegarac and Ward 3 Councilman Kevin Ward, both four-year members of Avon City Council.

    It will also be the last meeting at which Bryan Jensen will serve as Ward 1 city councilman. Beginning Jan. 2 he will officially take on the role of mayor.

    Jensen and the newly elected and re-elected members of City Council will officially be sworn in to their positions at 6:30 p.m. on Jan. 2, with an organizational meeting to follow, according to Clerk of Council Ellen Young.

    The Council members that will be sworn in are as follows:

    Ward 1 -- Bob Butkowski (four-year term)

    Ward 2 -- Dennis McBride (four-year term)

    Ward 3 -- Mary Berges (four-year term)

    Ward 4 -- Dan Urban (four year term)

    At Large -- Craig Witherspoon (two-year term)

    At Large -- Lee Belardo (two-year term)

    At Large -- Tammy Holtzmeier (two-year term)

    During the organizational meeting, council as a whole must elect a council president from among the at large council members ...

    Contact Rebecca Turman at rturman@2presspapers.com

    Top -- Home

    chronicle.northcoastnow.com/2014/11/04/problems-reported-election-day-voting/

    Filed on November 4, 2014 [Election Day] by Brad Dicken

    SHEFFIELD TWP. -- Voter turnout for Tuesday's election was about 38.7 percent, according to unofficial returns from the Lorain County Board of Elections.

    Elections Board Director Paul Adams ... said 78,775 of the county's 203,046 voters cast ballots either on Election Day or during early voting over the past month.

    --------------

    chronicle.northcoastnow.com/2014/11/04/nathan-manning-elected-ohio-house/

    Nathan Manning elected to Ohio House

    Filed on November 4, 2014 by Brad Dicken

    SHEFFIELD -- Nathan Manning will follow in his parents' footsteps and serve in the Ohio Legislature.

    Manning, a Republican lawyer, beat out Avon Lake attorney Brendan Mackin, a Democrat, to replace term-limited state Rep. Matt Lundy, D-Elyria, according to unofficial election returns from the Lorain County Board of Elections.

    The results show that Manning took 16,652 votes, or 56 percent, to Mackin's 13,180 votes, or 44 percent.

    Manning, 32, is the son of the late county Prosecutor Jeff Manning, who also served as a state representative. His mother, state Sen. Gayle Manning, R-North Ridgeville, won her own re-election bid Tuesday ...

    Mackin also comes from a well-known political family. His father, John Mackin, who died earlier this year, served as Avon Lake Municipal Court judge for years.

    Mackin, 45, said he ran a good race but was vastly outspent by his opponent and state Republicans. Pre-election campaign finance reports indicate that state Republicans poured $447,580 in in-kind contributions into backing Manning.

    --------------

    chronicle.northcoastnow.com/2014/11/04/gov-kasich-wins-re-election-ohio/

    John Kasich leads GOP victories across Ohio

    Filed on November 4, 2014 by Associated Press

    COLUMBUS, Ohio (AP) -- Republican John Kasich coasted to re-election as Ohio's governor on Tuesday, leading an across-the-board GOP sweep of statewide offices ...

    For Democrats, all the news in statewide offices was bad.

    Voters swept incumbent GOP statewide officeholders back into office, and returned two Republican justices to the Ohio Supreme Court.

    Secretary of State Jon Husted beat state Sen. Nina Turner of Cleveland and Attorney General Mike DeWine beat back an aggressive challenge by Cincinnati lawyer David Pepper. Also, Auditor Dave Yost and Treasurer Josh Mandel won a second terms over Democratic state Reps. John Patrick Carney and Connie Pillich respectively.

    For the high court, Kasich appointee Judith French managed to hold onto her seat against Cuyahoga County judge John O?Donnell, whose Irish surname was considered a positive among voters. Fellow Republican Sharon Kennedy easily beat state Rep. Tom Letson, allowing the GOP to retain its 6-1 majority on the court.

    Republicans also maintained control of both chambers of the state Legislature, picking up seats in the Ohio House ...

    -------------

    chronicle.northcoastnow.com/2014/11/05/rep-matt-lundy-defeats-incumbent-lorain-county-commissioner-tom-williams/

    Rep. Matt Lundy defeats incumbent Lorain County Commissioner Tom Williams

    Filed on November 5, 2014 by Brad Dicken

    Williams, a first-term Republican from Amherst, lost his re-election bid Tuesday to term-limited state Rep. Matt Lundy, D-Elyria, in a close race.

    According to unofficial election returns from the county Board of Elections, Lundy received 38,030, or 51 percent of the vote, compared to the 36,825 votes, of 49 percent, received by Williams.

    chronicle.northcoastnow.com/2014/11/06/williams-geography-lundy-votes/

    Tom Williams won geographically, but Matt Lundy got the votes

    Filed on November 6, 2014 by Brad Dicken

    SHEFFIELD TWP. -- State Rep. Matt Lundy, D-Elyria, won a small number of communities Tuesday, but the cities he did win were enough to edge out Lorain County Commissioner Tom Williams.

    According to unofficial elections returns from the county Board of Elections, Lundy won Elyria, Lorain, North Ridgeville, Oberlin, Sheffield Lake, Sheffield and Sheffield Township.

    Elyria, Lorain and North Ridgeville are the three largest cities in terms of population in the county.

    Williams, an Amherst Republican who had been seeking a second term, took every other community in the county but although he won a large swath of geographic territory, his victories came in the lesser-populated areas of the county.

    The most lopsided victory came in Oberlin, a traditionally Democratic bastion where Williams scored only 381 votes compared to Lundy's 1,953 votes.

    Williams said he thinks his defeat was so overwhelming in Oberlin because so many people there came out to vote for Janet Garrett, an Oberlin teacher who had challenged U.S. Rep. Jim Jordan, R-Urbana. Although Garrett was crushed in the largely Republican district, she had a large showing of support in Oberlin, and Williams said her homegrown backing didn't bode well for him.

    Of the communities that Lundy won, the closest margin was in Sheffield, where his campaign manager, John Hunter, is the mayor. Williams won 666 votes there compared to Lundy's 696, the returns showed.

    The margin was also close in North Ridgeville, where Williams took 4,450 votes compared to Lundy's 4,724 votes.

    Lundy, a former city councilman in Avon Lake, said he thought the eastern portion of the county, which has veered Republican in recent years, was critical to his chances. He said even if he didn't win Avon and Avon Lake, which he represented for years in Columbus, he was able to keep the areas from breaking too much for Williams.

    The returns show that Lundy won 2,669 votes in Avon compared to Williams' 3,270 votes. In Avon Lake, Lundy took 3,742 votes to Williams' 3,981 votes.

    "We held our own in the eastern part of the county, where traditionally Democrats don't do well," Lundy said.

    The unofficial results put Lundy's vote total at 38,030, or 51 percent. Williams earned 36,825 votes, or 49 percent ...

    Contact Brad Dicken at bdicken@chroniclet.com

    -----------

    Lorain County 2014 General Election Results

    Races of Local Interest

    Last Updated: 11/04/14 11:21 PM

    Race Candidate Lor Cnty Votes District Wide

    Governor 95.4 % reporting

    Edward FitzGerald 27,240 955,365

    John Kasich 46,648 1,864,477

    Anita Rios 2,630 96,261

    Representative to Congress 4th District

    Janet Garrett 14,632 59,015

    Jim Jordan 12,047 124,036

    Representative to Congress 9th District

    Cory Hoffman 0 0

    Marcy Kaptur 14,199 104,375

    Richard May 8,757 49,678

    George Skalsky 0 0

    State Senator 13th District 100 % reporting

    Marcus Madison 28,458 32,150

    Gayle Manning 46,739 56,201

    State Representative House 55th District 100 % reporting

    Brendan Mackin 13,180

    Nathan Manning 16,652

    State Representative House 57th District 100 % reporting

    Terry Boose 10,185 18,460

    Matt Lark 6,531 11,233

    Robert Sherwin 1,025 1,634

    County Commissioner 100 % reporting

    Matt Lundy 38,030

    Tom Williams 36,825

    Issue 5 - Lorain County Board of Mental Health

    Renewal / 1.2 mills, 10 yrs

    100 % reporting

    For 50,027

    Against 26,772

    Issue 6 - Lorain County Children Services

    Renewal with Increase / 1.8 mills, 5 yrs.

    100 % reporting

    For 43,779

    Against 32,757

    Issue 7 - Lorain County Crime / Drug Lab

    Additional / 0.08 mill, 5 yrs.

    100 % reporting

    For 32,796

    Against 43,204

    Issue 8 - Lorain County Metro Parks

    Renewal with Increase / 1.6 mills, 10 yrs.

    100 % reporting

    For 45,427

    Against 31,854

    -------------------

    Last Updated: 11/04/14 11:21 PM

    Race Candidate Lor Cnty Votes District Wide

    Attorney General 95.4 % reporting

    Mike DeWine 45,467 1,803,112

    David Pepper 30,086 1,120,049

    Auditor of State 95.4 % reporting

    Bob Bridges 3,577 135,957

    John Patrick Carney 32,492 1,090,028

    Dave Yost 38,167 1,641,697

    Secretary of State 95.4 % reporting

    Jon Husted 40,598 1,737,683

    Kevin Knedler 3,813 134,268

    Nina Turner 30,223 1,015,948

    Treasurer of State 95.4 % reporting

    Josh Mandel 39,844 1,654,629

    Connie Pillich 35,797 1,253,683

    Ohio Supreme Court Justice

    Full Term Commencing 1-1-2015 95.4 % reporting

    Sharon Kennedy 45,036 1,748,184

    Tom Letson 14,758 660,267

    Ohio Supreme Court Justice

    Full Term Commencing 1-2-2015 95.4 % reporting

    Judi French 35,387 1,373,266

    John O'Donnell 26,535 1,082,513

    Judge of the Court of Appeals 9th District

    Eve Belfance 25,860 104,838

    Julie Schafer 31,539 121,841

    State Board of Education (2nd District)

    Kathleen McGervey 26,018 86,472

    Kim Redfern 15,911 72,829

    Ray Young 12,733 43,838

    ------------------

    Issue 10 - Avon City 2-A

    Local Option Sunday Sales, Fitz Simon Inc.

    Yes 494

    No 135

    Issue 11 - Avon City 3-C

    Local Option Sunday Sales, Winking Lizard Tavern

    Yes 462

    No 71

    Top -- Home

    archive.org/stream/TragedyAndHope_501/CarrollQuigley-TragedyAndHope_djvu.txt

    [Fifty years of elections, 1964 - 2014]

    [Source:] Tragedy and Hope

    A History of the World in Our Time

    By Carroll Quigley, 1966

    [Carroll Quigley wrote the following before the robotic revolution, which has reduced -- as of 2014 -- the jobs of the lower middle class.]

    [Quigley recognized] five groups in three classes ([the] aristocrat, middle, and lower [class]). [The most influential group was the upper middle class.] Above the upper middle class, which dominated the country in the first half of the twentieth century, were a small [number] of aristocrats.

    Below [was] the lower middle class, which had middle-class aspirations, but were generally more insecure and often bitter because they did not obtain [upper] middle-class rewards. Below these two middle class [groups] were two lower class [groups]: the workers and the Lumpenproletariat or socially disorganized, who had very little in common with each other.

    The [lower hiddle class], includes millions of persons who regard themselves as middle class and are under all the middle-class anxieties and pressures, hut often earn less money than unionized laborers.

    As a result of these things, they are often very insecure, envious, filled with hatreds, and are generally the chief recruits for any ... hate campaigns against any group that is different or which refuses to conform to middle-class values.

    Made up of ... vast numbers of office workers in business, government, finance, and education, these tend to regard their white-collar status as the chief value in life, and live in an atmosphere of envy, pettiness, insecurity, and frustration. They form the major portion of the Republican Party's supporters in the towns of America ...

    In general, the political alignments in the United States have been influenced even more by ... class and psychological considerations than they have been by income, economic, or occupational considerations. The Republican Party has been the party of the middle classes and the Democratic Party has been the party of the rest ...

    In the Eisenhower era, the general himself was repelled by the ... Right, whose impetus had been a chief element (but far from the most important element) in his election, although the lower-middle-class ... had preferred Senator Taft as their leader.

    Eisenhower, however, had been preferred by the Eastern Establishment of old Wall Street, Ivy League, semi-aristocratic Anglophiles whose real strength rested in their control of eastern financial endowments, operating from foundations, academic halls, and other tax-exempt refuges ...

    This Eastern Establishment was really above parties and was much more concerned with policies than with party victories. They had been the dominant element in both parties since 1900 ...

    [They were] anathema to the lower-middle-class ..., chiefly in small towns and in the Middle West, who supplied the votes in Republican electoral victories, but found it so difficult to control nominations (especially in presidential elections) because the big money necessary for nominating in a Republican National Convention was allied to Wall Street and to the Eastern Establishment. The ability of the latter to nominate Eisenhower over Taft in 1952 was a bitter pill ..., and was not coated sufficiently by the naming of Nixon ... for the vice-presidential post.

    The split between these two wings of the Republican Party, and Eisenhower's preference for the upper bourgeois rather than for the petty-bourgeois wing, paralyzed both of his administrations and was the significant element in Kennedy's narrow victory over Nixon in 1960 and in Johnson's much more decisive victory over Goldwater in 1964 ...

    The Republican [lower middle class was characterized] by their antipathy for Willkie, Dewey, Eisenhower, and other Wall Street interventionists and their inability to nominate their congressional favorites, like Senators Knowland, Bricker, and Taft, at national party conventions.

    Just as these disgruntled voters reached this conclusion, with Taft's failure in 1952 ... new wealth appeared in the political picture, sharing the petty bourgeoisie's suspicions of the East, big cities, Ivy League universities, foreigners, intellectuals, workers, and aristocrats.

    By the 1964 election, the major political issue in the country was the financial struggle behind the scenes between the old wealth, civilized and cultured in foundations, and the new wealth, virile and uninformed, arising from the flowing profits of government- dependent corporations in the Southwest and West.

    At issue here was the whole future face of America, for the older wealth stood for values and aims close to the Western traditions of diversity ... while the newer wealth stood for the narrow and fear-racked aims of petty-bourgeois insecurity and egocentricity.

    The nominal issues between them ... were less fundamental than they seemed, for the real issue was the control of the Federal government's tremendous power to influence the future of America by spending of government funds.

    The petty bourgeois and new-wealth groups wanted to continue that spending into the industrial-military complex, such as defense and space, while the older wealth and non-bourgeois groups wanted to direct it toward social diversity and social amelioration for the aged and the young, for education, for social outcasts, and for protecting national resources For future use ...

    [See "Cooking up a tea party"]

    www.avonhistory.org/mil3/tea10.htm

    [Regarding the election pf 1964,] the newer wealth is unbelievably ... misinformed. In their growing concern to control political nominations, they ignored the even greater need to win elections ...

    In American politics we have several parties included under the blanket words "Democratic" and "Republican." In oversimplified terms, as I have said, the Republicans were the party of the middle classes, and the Democrats were the party of the fringes. Both of these were subdivided, each with a Congressional and a National Party wing.

    The Republican Congressional Party (representing localism) was much farther to the Right than the National Republican Party, and as such was closer to the petty-bourgeois than to the upper-middle-class outlook. The Democratic Congressional Party was much more clearly of the fringes and minorities (and thus often further to the Left) than the Democratic National Party.

    The party machinery in each case was in Congressional Party control during the intervals between the quadrennial presidential elections, but, in order to win these elections, each had to call into existence, in presidential election years, its shadowy National Party. This meant that the Republicans had to appear to move to the Left, closer to the Center, while the Democrats had also to move from the fringes toward the Center, usually by moving to the Right ...

    As soon as the presidential election was over, the two National parties vanished, and party controls fell back into the hands of the Congressional parties, leaving the newly elected President in a precarious position between the two Congressional parties, neither of which was very close to the brief National coalition that had elected him ...

    The capture of the Republican National Party by the extremist elements of the Republican Congressional Party in 1964, and their effort to elect Barry Goldwater to the Presidency with the petty-bourgeois extremists alone, was only a temporary aberration on the American political scene, and arose from the fact that President Johnson had preempted all the issues (which are ... now acceptable to the overwhelming majority) and had occupied the whole broad center of the American political spectrum ...

    [Goldwater's] most ardent supporters were of the extremist petty-bourgeois mentality driven to near hysteria by ... the steady rise in prominence of everything they considered anathema: Catholics, Negroes, immigrants, intellectuals, aristocrats ..., scientists, and educated men generally ..., cosmopolitans and internationalists and, above all, liberals who accept diversity as a virtue ...

    Instead of seeing man the way the tradition of the Greeks and of the West regarded him, as a creature midway between animal and God, "a little lower than the angels?" and thus capable of an infinite variety of experience, [some] twentieth-century writers have completed the revolt against the middle classes by moving downward from the late nineteenth century's view of man as simply a higher animal to their own view of man as lower than any animal would naturally descend.

    From this has emerged the Puritan view of man (but without the Puritan view of God) as a creature of total depravity in a deterministic universe without hope of any redemption.

    This point of view, which, in the period 1550-1650, justified despotism in a Puritan context, now may be used, with petty-bourgeois support, to justify a new despotism to preserve, by force ... petty-bourgeois values in a system of compulsory conformity. George Orwell's 1984 has given us the picture of this system as Hitler's Germany showed us its practical operation ...

    For generations, even in fairly rich families, ... [there was] ... continued emphasis on thrift and restraints on consumption. By 1937 the world depression showed that the basic economic problems were not saving and investment, but distribution and consumption. Thus there appeared a growing readiness to consume, spurred on by new sales techniques, installment selling, and the extension of credit from the productive side to the consumption side of the economic process ...

    [For many, the continuation of the slow recovery in 2014 is baffling, and the call for more deregulation and tax cuts is wearily repeated. Some clarity can be achieved by comprehending that no businessman is going to invest in jobs, buildings, and equipment if he doea not think he can sell more goods and services.]

    Somewhat related to this was the influence of the depression of 1929-1933. The generation that was entering manhood at that time (having been born in the period 1905- 1915) felt that their efforts to fulfill their middle-class ambitions had involved them in intensive hardships and suffering, such as working while going to college, doing without leisure, cultural expansion, and travel, and by the 1950's these were determined that their children must never have it as hard as they had had it.

    They rarely saw that their efforts to make things easy for their children in the 1950's as a reaction against the hardships they had suffered themselves in the 1930's were removing from their children's training process the difficulties that had helped to make them achieving men and successful middle-class persons and that their efforts to do this were weakening the moral fiber of their children ...

    While this was going on, the outside world was also changing ... As part of this whole process, there occurred a dramatic event of great social significance. This was the reversal in longevity expectations of men and women in adult life. A century ago (to be sure, in a largely rural context), a twenty-year-old man could expect to live longer than a twenty- year-old wife. In fact, such a man might well bury two or three wives, usually from the mortality associated with childbirth or other female problems. Today, a twenty-year-old man has little expectation of living as long as a twenty-year-old woman ...

    A series of causes, such as the extension of the female expectation of life faster than the male expectation, the increased practice of birth control, [and] coeducation (which brings the sexes into contact at the same age) ... [has led] to marriages by couples of about the same age.

    Husbands now generally die before their wives. Recognition of this [fact], the increased independence of women, adaptation to taxes and other legal nuisances, has given rise to joint financial accounts, to property being put in the wife's name, and to greatly increased insurance benefits for wives. Gradually the wealth of the country [has become] female-owned, even if still largely male-controlled.

    In the days of Horatio Alger, the marks of youthful middle-class aspiration were such obvious symbols as well-polished shoes, a necktie and suit coat, a clean-shaved face and well-cut hair, and punctuality. For almost a generation now, teen culture has rejected the necktie and suit coat. Well-polished shoes gave way to dirty saddle shoes, and these in turn to "loafers" and thong sandals ...

    Now, in the 1960's, [the] opinion of man's nature is changing and, as a consequence of George Orwell, ... and the revival of Pavlovian psychology through the work of men like Professor B. F. Skinner of Harvard, the idea of personality as something trained under discipline to a desired pattern is being revived. With this revival of a basically Puritanical idea of human nature reappears the usual Puritan errors on the nature of evil and acceptance of the theory of the evil of human nature (as preached in William Golding's "Lord of the Flies") ...

    [It is very tempting to give some credence to the idea that evil is an existenial force and not merely the absence of good, witness the popularity of exorcism movies. Here is Quigley's discussion of evil:]

    The traditional Christian attitude toward human personality was that human nature was essentially good and that it was formed and modified by social pressures and training. The "goodness" of human nature was based on the belief that it was a kind of weaker copy of God's nature, lacking many of God's qualities (in degree rather than in kind), but none the less perfectible, and perfectible largely by its own efforts with God's guidance ...

    Opposed to this Western view of the world and the nature of man, there was [the] view of both which received its most explicit formulation by the Persian Zoroaster in the seventh century B.C. and came into the Western tradition ... through the Greek rationalist tradition from Pythagoras to Plato. This ... tradition encircled the early Christian religion, giving rise to many of the controversies ... that extended through history from the Arians, the Manichaeans, Luther, Calvin, and the Jansenists.

    The chief avenue by which these ideas ... continued to survive was through the influence of St. Augustine. From this dissident minority point of view came seventeenth- century Puritanism. The general distinction of this point of view from Zoroaster to William Golding (in "Lord of the Flies") is that the world and the flesh are positive evils and that man, in at least this physical part of his nature, is essentially evil.

    As a consequence he must be disciplined totally to prevent him from destroying himself and the world. In this view the devil is a force, or being, of positive malevolence, and man, by himself, is incapable of any good and is, accordingly, not free. He can be saved in eternity by God's grace alone, and he can get through this temporal world only by being subjected to a regime of total despotism. The direction and nature of the despotism is not regarded as important, since the really important thing is that man's innate destructiveness be controlled.

    Nothing could be more sharply contrasted than these two points of view, the orthodox and the puritanical. The contrasts can be summed up thus:

    ORTHODOX

    Evil is absence of Good.

    Man is basically good.

    Man is free.

    Man can contribute to his salvation by good works.

    Self-discipline is necessary to guide or direct.

    Truth is found from experience and revelation, interpreted by tradition.

    PURITAN

    Evil is positive entity.

    Man is basically evil.

    Man is a slave of his nature.

    Man can be saved only by God.

    Discipline must be external and total.

    Truth is found by rational deduction from revelation.

    The puritan point of view, which had been struggling to take over Western Civilization for its first thousand years or more, almost did so in the seventeenth century. It was represented to varying degrees in the work and agitations of Luther, Calvin, Thomas Hobbes, Cornelius Jansen (Augustinus, 1640), Antoine Arnauld (1612-1694), Blaise Pascal, and others. In general this point of view believed that the truth was to be found by rational deduction from a few basic revealed truths ...

    The Puritan point of view tended to support political despotism and to seek a one-class uniform society ... [and it may have shown its true colors most clearly in the horrors of the Thirty Year's War {1618 - 1648)]

    [Carroll Quigley wrote the following when he contrasted Western Civilization with developments in Russia:]

    In the West, the Roman Empire (which continued in the East as the Byzantine Empire) disappeared in 476 and, although many efforts were made to revive it, there was clearly a period, about 900, when there was no empire, no state, and no public authority in the West.

    The state disappeared, yet society continued. So also, religious and economic life continued. This clearly showed that the state and society were not the same thing, that society was the basic entity, and that the state was a crowning, but not essential, cap to the social structure. This experience had revolutionary effects.

    It was discovered that man can live without a state; this became the basis of Western liberalism. It was discovered that the state, if it exists, must serve men and that it is incorrect to believe that the purpose of men is to serve the state.

    It was discovered that economic life, religious life, law, and private property can all exist and function effectively without a state. From this emerged laissez-faire, separation of Church and State, rule of law, and the sanctity of private property ...

    In the West, when no supreme power existed, it was discovered that law still existed as the body of rules which govern social life. Thus law was found by observation in the West, not enacted by autocracy as in the East. This meant that authority was established by law and under the law in the West, while authority was established by power and above the law in the East.

    The West felt that the rules of economic life were found and not enacted; that individuals had rights independent of, and even opposed to, public authority; that groups could exist, as the Church existed, by right and not by privilege, and without the need to have any charter of incorporation entitling them to exist as a group or act as a group; that groups or individuals could own property as a right and not as a privilege and that such property could not be taken by force but must be taken by established process of law ...

    There was also another basic distinction between Western Civilization and Russian Civilization. This was derived from the history of Christianity. This new faith came into Classical Civilization from Semitic society. In its origin it was a this-worldly religion, believing that the world and the flesh were basically good, or at least filled with good potentialities, because both were made by God; the body was made in the image of God; God became Man in this world with a human body, to save men as individuals, and to establish "Peace on earth."

    The early Christians intensified the "this-worldly" tradition, insisting that salvation was possible only because God lived and died in a human body in this world, that the individual could be saved only through God's help (grace) and by living correctly in this body on this earth (good works), that there would be, some day, a millennium on this earth and that, at that Last Judgment, there would be a resurrection of the body and life everlasting.

    In this way the world of space and time, which God had made at the beginning with the statement, "It was good" (Book of Genesis), would, at the end, be restored to its original condition.

    This optimistic, "this-worldly" religion was taken into Classical Civilization at a time when the philosophic outlook of that society was quite incompatible with the religious outlook of Christianity.

    The Classical philosophic outlook, which we might call Neoplatonic, was derived from the teachings of Persian Zoroastrianism, Pythagorean rationalism, and Platonism. It was dualistic, dividing the universe into two opposed worlds, the world of matter and flesh and the world of spirit and ideas. The former world was changeable, unknowable, illusionary, and evil; the latter world was eternal, knowable, real, and good.

    Truth, to these people, could be found by the use of reason and logic alone, not hy use of the body or the senses, since these were prone to error, and must be spurned. The body, as Plato said, was the "tomb of the soul." Thus the Classical world into which Christianity came about A.D. 60 believed that the world and the body were unreal, unknowable, corrupt, and hopeless and that no truth or success could be found by the use of the body, the senses, or matter.

    A small minority, derived from Democritus and the early Ionian scientists through Aristotle, Epicurus, and Lucretius, rejected the Platonic dualism, preferring materialism as an explanation of reality ... Even the ordinary citizen of Rome had an outlook whose implications were not compatible with the Christian religion. To give one simple example: while the Christians spoke of a millennium in the future, the average Roman continued to think of a "Golden Age" in the past, just as Homer had.

    [Returning to Quigley's discussion of the current situation in the United States:]

    The petty bourgeois are rising in American society along the channels established in the great American hierarchies of business, the armed forces, academic life, the professions, finance, and politics. They are doing this not because they have imagination, broad vision, judgment, moderation, versatility, or group loyalties but because they have neurotic drives of personal ambition and competitiveness, great insecurities and resentments, narrow specialization, and fanatical application to the task before each of them.

    Their fathers, earning $100 a week as bank clerks or insurance agents while unionized bricklayers were getting $120 a week when they cared to work, embraced the middle-class ideology with tenacity as the chief means (along with their "white collared" clothing) of distinguishing themselves from the unionized labor they feared or hated ...

    All flocked into the professions, even to teaching (which, on the face of it, might have expected that its practitioners would have some allegiance to the truth and to helping the young to realize their less materialistic potentialities), where they quickly abandoned the classroom for the more remunerative tasks of educational administration ...

    The great mass of these eager beavers went into science or business, preferably into the largest corporations, where they looked with fishy-eyed anticipation at those rich, if remote, plums of vice-presidencies, in General Motors, Ford, General Dynamics, or International Business Machines.

    The success of these petty-bourgeois recruits in America's organizational structure rested on their ability to adapt their lives to the screening processes the middle classes had set up covering access to the middle-class organizational structures. The petty bourgeoisie, as the last fanatical defenders of the middle-class outlook, had, in excess degree, the qualities of self-discipline and future preference the middle classes had established ...

    Decisions about goals require values, meaning, context, [and] perspective. They can be set, even tentatively and approximately, only by people who have some inkling of the whole picture. The middle-class culture of our past ignored the whole picture and destroyed our ability to see it by its emphasis on specialization. Just as mass production came to be based on specialization, so human preparation for making decisions about goals also became based on specialization ...

    [However] no general view of the whole picture could be made simply by attaching together a number of specialist views of narrow fields, for the simple reason that each specialist field looks entirely different, presenting different problems and requiring different techniques ...

    Personal responsibility, self-discipline, some sense of time value and future preference, and, above all, an ability to distinguish what is important from what is merely necessary must be found, simply as valuable attributes of human beings ...

    We must have an achieving society and an achieving outlook. These will inevitably contain parts of the middle-class outlook, but these parts will unquestionably be fitted together to serve quite different purposes. Future preference and self-discipline were originally necessary in our society so that people would restrict consumption and accumulate savings that could be spent to provide investment in capital equipment.

    Now we no longer need these qualities for this purpose, since flows of income in our economy provide these on an institutional basis, but we still need these qualities so that young people will be willing to undergo the years of hard work and training that will prepare them to work in our complex technological society ...

    The point of view [of] final absolute knowledge ... was replaced in the period 1100-1350 by the medieval point of view that derived knowledge from the tentative and partial information obtained through sensual experience ...

    Aquinas, who said, "Nothing exists in the intelligence which was not first present in the senses," also said, "We cannot shift from the ideal to the actual." On this epistemological basis was established the root foundations of both modern science and modern liberalism, with a very considerable boost to both from the Franciscan nominalists of the century following Aquinas. [See Umberto Ecco's "The Name of the Rose,"] ...

    A few things do seem evident, notably that the twentieth century ... [was] utterly different from the nineteenth century and that the age of transition between the two was one of the most awful periods in all human history. Some, looking back on the nineteenth century across the horrors of the age of transition, may regard it with nostalgia or even envy.

    But the nineteenth century was, however hopeful in its general processes, a period of materialism, selfishness, false values, hypocrisy, and secret vices. It was the working of these underlying evils that eventually destroyed the century's hopeful qualities and emerged in all their nakedness to become dominant in 1914. Nothing is more revealing of the nature of the nineteenth century than the misguided complacency and optimism of 1913 and early 1914 and the misconceptions with which the world's leaders went to war in August of 1914.

    The events of the following thirty [one] years, from 1914 to 194[5], [another 30-years war like 1618 - 1648?] showed the real nature of the preceding generation, its ignorance, complacency, and false values. Two terrible wars sandwiching a world economic depression revealed man's real inability to control his life by the nineteenth century's techniques of laissez faire, materialism, competition, selfishness, nationalism, violence, and imperialism.

    These characteristics of late nineteenth-century life culminated in World War II in which more than 50 million persons, 23 million of them in uniform, the rest civilians, were killed, most of them by horrible deaths.

    The hope of the [twentyfirst] century rests on [the] recognition that war and depression are man-made, and needless. They can be avoided in the future by turning from the nineteenth-century characteristics just mentioned and going back to other characteristics that our Western society has always regarded as virtues: generosity, compassion, cooperation, rationality, and foresight, and finding an increased role in human life for love, spirituality, charity, and self-discipline.

    We now know fairly well how to control the increase in population, how to produce wealth and reduce poverty [and] disease. We may, in the near future, know how to postpone senility and death. It certainly should be clear to those who have their eyes open that violence, extermination, and despotism do not solve problems for anyone and that victory and conquest are delusions ...

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